ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1964, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (4): 31-39.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

体育馆比赛厅观众席距离与视觉辨认的关系

謝光昭 ;徐強生 ;秦劍 ;譚志民   

  • 出版日期:1964-12-25 发布日期:1964-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 謝光昭

OBSERVATION DISTANCE AND ITS EFFECTS ON VISUAL DISCRIMINATION IN GYMNASIUMS

HSIEH KUANG-CHAO, HS(?) CHIANG-SHENG, CHIN CHIEN, TAN CHIH-MIN   

  • Online:1964-12-25 Published:1964-12-25

摘要: <正> 問題 深入地探討体育館內观众席的视觉效果問題,是保証观众“看得好”的首要因素,是合理分布观众席、决定比賽厅平面形式(如圓形、椭圓形、方形、矩形等)的必备前提。决定观众席视觉效果的两大因素是观察距离及观察方位。关于这两个問題,国內外先后都进行过研究,但距离、方位与观众席分区方法的关系等問題,一般多局限在理論方面的討論,不能完全符合于实际情况。要对这些問題进行更深入的探討,必需进行视知觉心理学方面的实驗和研究,非仅靠建筑学知識所能解决,本研究卽试图通过知觉心理学的研究方法,对体育館比賽厅观众席距場地距离与視觉辨认的关系进行一些探索。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: Two experiments were carried out to study visual acuity and depth acuity in gymnasiums. Due to the fact that the grand-stand seats in gymnasiums are built on ascending steps, thus the farther seats are poor for visual acuity, however, their higher positions are favorable for depth discrimination. It was found that: 1. Visual acuity decreases lineally with distance; 2. Depth acuity increases with ascending height within a certain distance and remains constant at still further distances. It was concluded that visual acuity is a principle factor that influences visual discrimination in gymnasiums, and that the best seats are not the foremost ones, but rather those situated near the 7th. row.

Key words: NULL