ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1962, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (2): 3-12.

• •    下一篇

我国儿童的脑发展的年龄特征問题

刘世熠   

  • 出版日期:1962-06-25 发布日期:1962-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘世熠

AN ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF CHILDREN'S CEREBRAL CORTEX

LIU SHIH-YIH   

  • Online:1962-06-25 Published:1962-06-25

摘要: <正> 儿童年龄特征是很早被注意的一个問題。亚里斯多德在“动物历史”著作中提到在大部分情况下人到“双七岁”是青春期的开始。祖国医学对儿童年龄的分期問題也很早感到兴趣。千金要方引小品文說:“凡人年6岁以上为小,16岁以上为少。”人們早已观察到,儿童在嬰儿期可以說是十分相象的,随着年龄的增长个别差异便愈益显著。儿童年龄特

关键词: NULL

Abstract: The investigation was carried out on more than 1800 normal and mentally retarded children and youths aged 4—20 years. The results show:1. The development of children's cerebral cortex is fundamentally gradual and consecutive, but not equable and linear. It seems to have two periods of acceleration (between 5—6 years and at about 13—14 years of age) from 4 to 20 years of age.2. Our complex electroencephalographic indications show that maturation of the occipital region is reached at 9 years of age, maturation of the temporal region is reached at 11 years of age and maturation of the whole cortex is reached at about 13—14 years of age.3. Weakness of the orientating reflex, weakness of plasticity, decrease of internal inhibition and pronounced inertness of the nervous processes are the traits of the nerve cells of the cerebral cortex of mentally retarded children and youths.4. The development and maturation of children's cerebral cortex has the following order: Circuit of "O→T→P→F".

Key words: NULL