ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2024, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (5): 542-554.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2024.00542

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇


任维聪1, 杨婷2, 王汉林1()   

  1. 1河北师范大学教育学院, 石家庄 050024
    2河北美术学院, 石家庄 050700
  • 收稿日期:2023-01-17 发布日期:2024-03-06 出版日期:2024-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 王汉林, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

Different effects of linguistic and perceptual symbolic representations on foreign language vocabulary learning: Evidence from behavioral and EEG data

REN Weicong1, YANG Ting2, WANG Hanlin1()   

  1. 1College of Education, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
    2Hebei Academy of Fine Arts, Shijiazhuang 050700, China
  • Received:2023-01-17 Online:2024-03-06 Published:2024-05-25


通过行为与脑电实验技术, 比较外语词汇学习过程中, 语言符号与知觉符号表征对词汇记忆编码与再认的影响过程, 从而考察语义表征对词汇习得的影响机制。行为结果表明, 语言符号与知觉符号表征条件下被试对词汇学习效果的主观判断无显著差异, 但后者比前者有更高的词汇再认正确率。脑电结果表明, 对于词汇编码阶段, 相较语言符号表征, 知觉符号表征在编码晚期诱发更正的LPC成分; 对于词汇再认阶段, 知觉符号表征条件诱发更大N400成分, 且脑电时频分析表明该条件下出现更为明显的μ波抑制及θ波功率增强现象。研究结果综合表明, 与语言符号表征便捷但非模态化的语义加工相比, 知觉符号表征加深了词汇晚期编码的深度, 并通过知觉模拟, 利用多模态信息提高了词汇的形象化再认, 从而推动了再认阶段的语义检索, 最终内隐性地提高了词汇学习效果。

关键词: 语义表征, 外语词汇习得, 语言符号, 知觉符号, EEG


Semantic representation is a way to achieve semantic access, which plays an important role in foreign language vocabulary learning. The linguistic symbolic and perceptual symbolic representations constitute two subsystems of semantic representations. Previous studies have found that the linguistic symbolic representation can provide quick approximate processing, which is suitable for shallow language processing tasks, while the perceptual symbolic representation can create a complete situation model, which is important for deep language processing tasks. In view of these different cognitive processing patterns, the effect of each symbolic representation system on foreign language vocabulary learning were investigated in this study to explore the mechanism of semantic representation on vocabulary learning.
A total of 52 participants were randomly assigned to the two symbolic representation conditions and executed a vocabulary learning-recognition task. To manipulate the participants’ semantic representations effectively when learning foreign language vocabulary, two types of spatial semantics, i.e., “up” and “down,” were chosen as the learning materials. Furthermore, to investigate the learning process effectively, the foreign words expressing the meanings of “up” and “down” were selected from languages that the participants were completely unfamiliar with. In the learning stage, Chinese characters or spatial cues of “up” and “down” were presented first as semantic priming stimuli to initiate the participants’ linguistic symbolic or perceptual symbolic representations of the foreign words subsequently presented. The participants were then required to learn the foreign words. After every 20 words learned, a test on the semantic recognition of the foreign words was conducted. Behavioral and EEG data were collected to investigate the different effects of linguistic symbolic and perceptual symbolic representations on the learning and recognition stages.
The behavioral results showed that no significant difference in judgment of learning were found between the linguistic symbolic and perceptual symbolic representation conditions, but the latter showed higher recognition accuracy rate than the former. The event related potential results showed that during the learning stage, the perceptual symbolic representation induced more positive LPC components (in the time window of 400~800 ms) than the linguistic symbolic representation condition. During the recognition stage, in relation to the linguistic symbolic representation condition, the perceptual symbolic representation evoked larger N400 components in the time window of 200~400 ms after the onset of the recognition words. The results of EEG time-frequency analysis showed that during the recognition stage, the perceptual symbolic representation condition elicited lower μ band power and higher θ band power than the linguistic symbolic representation condition (the time windows of the two bands were 200~800 ms after the onset of the recognition words).
In conclusion, results indicated that compared with linguistic symbolic representation, perceptual symbolic representation had a delayed influence on vocabulary encoding. It promoted deep encoding processing of vocabulary and improved the efficiency of vocabulary semantic retrieval through perceptual simulation in the recognition process, thereby implicitly improving the semantic recognition of vocabulary.

Key words: semantic representation, foreign language vocabulary learning, linguistic symbol, perceptual symbol, EEG