ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (11): 1212-1221.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.01212

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇


张明1(), 唐晓雨2, 于薇3, 宁波1, 王智楠1, 王爱君1()   

  1. 1苏州大学心理学系, 心理与行为科学研究中心, 苏州 215123)
    2 辽宁师范大学心理学院, 儿童青少年健康人格评定与培养协同创新中心, 大连 116029
    3 长春中医药大学招生与就业处, 长春 130117
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-18 发布日期:2018-09-25 出版日期:2018-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 张明,王爱君;
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金(31371025);国家自然科学基金(31600882);国家自然科学基金(31700939);江苏省基础研究计划(BK20170333);教育部人文社科基金(17YJC190024);教育部人文社科基金(17YJC190024);江苏省高校哲社科基金(2017SJB1344);中国博士后基金资助(2017M611888)

The Effects of modal-based endogenous attention on sound-induced flash illusion

ZHANG Ming1(), TANG Xiaoyu2, YU Wei3, NING Bo1, WANG Zhinan1, WANG Aijun1()   

  1. 1 Department of Psychology, Research Center for Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou 215000, China)
    2 School of Psychology, Liaoning Collaborative Innovation Center of Children and Adolescents Healthy Personality Assessment and Cultivation, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
    3 Admission and Employment Office, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun 130117, China
  • Received:2017-12-18 Online:2018-09-25 Published:2018-11-25
  • Contact: ZHANG Ming,WANG Aijun;


声音诱发闪光错觉是指当视觉闪光伴随不相等数量的听觉声音在100 ms内相继或同时呈现时, 个体会错觉性地知觉到视觉闪光的个数与听觉声音的数量相等。研究采用经典的声音诱发闪光错觉范式, 将注意以内源性的方式指向视觉通道或者听觉通道, 考察了基于通道的内源性注意对声音诱发闪光错觉的影响。结果发现, 当注意内源性地指向视觉通道时, 相对于基线条件, 裂变错觉的量显著减小; 当注意内源性地指向听觉通道时, 相对于基线条件, 裂变错觉的量存在增大的趋势。说明了基于通道的内源性注意可以影响声音诱发闪光错觉中的裂变错觉, 但不影响融合错觉。

关键词: 内源性注意, 声音诱发闪光错觉, 听觉主导效应, 视觉和听觉通道


The sound-induced flash illusion (SIFI) is an auditory-dominant phenomenon in multisensory integration in which the perception of brief visual flashes may be qualitatively altered by concurrent brief sounds. It has been well documented how attention modulates this illusion. It remains unknown, however, how modal-based endogenous attention interferes with the SIFI. In the present study, we adopted the classical paradigm of the SIFI and directed the endogenous attention to the visual modal or the auditory modal to investigate the effect of modal-based endogenous attention on SIFI.

Experiment 1 asked the participants to conduct the classical task of the SIFI as the baseline. In experiment 2, the ratio of the visual modal, the auditory modal, and the audio-visual modal was 3:1:1; that is, the endogenous attention was directed to the visual modal. In experiment 3, the ratio of the visual modal, auditory modal and audio-visual modal was 1:3:1; that is, the endogenous attention was directed to the auditory modal. In the present study, we asked the participants to judge the number of flashes, and we focused mainly on the occurrence of fission illusions (when a single visual flash is accompanied by two auditory bleeps and is perceived incorrectly as two flashes) and fusion illusions (when two visual flashes are accompanied by a single bleep and are perceived incorrectly as a single flash). The hypothesis was that directing endogenous attention to the visual or auditory modal could affect the auditory dominance.

A repeated measures ANOVA was analyzed for fission and fusion illusions separately, and the results showed that there were significant differences among the three experiments, F (1, 2) = 5.11, p < 0.01, η 2= 0.23. The occurrence of fission illusions was decreased when endogenous attention was directed to the visual modal (50%) and was increased when endogenous attention was directed to the auditory modal (71%). However, regardless of whether endogenous attention was directed to the auditory or visual modal, fusion illusion was not affected by attention (ps > 0.05). In addition, we also pooled the response counts across all of the participants and for both fission and fusion stimuli. The results showed that the odds ratio for fission was greater than that for fusion, and there was a difference among the three experiments for fission (17.5 vs. 9 vs. 21.95), and no effect for fusion (4.95 vs. 3.15 vs. 4.13).

The results indicated that modal-based endogenous attention can affect the occurrence of fission illusions but does not affect the occurrence of fusion illusions. The present study provides insight into the top-down factors that can modulate sound-induced flash illusions.

Key words: endogenous attention, auditory dominance, sound-induced flash illusion, visual and auditory modals