ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (3): 359-369.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.00359

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

家庭支持型主管行为与双职工夫妻的婚姻满意感:一个积极溢出−交叉模型

谢菊兰1,2; 马红宇1,2; 唐汉瑛1,2; 姜 海2   

  1. (1青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室; 2华中师范大学心理学院, 武汉 430079)
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-11 出版日期:2017-03-25 发布日期:2017-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 马红宇, E-mail: mahy@mail.ccnu.edu.cn; 唐汉瑛, E-mail: thy@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金青年项目(31200795), 国家自然科学基金重大研究计划重点支持项目(91324201), 国家社会科学基金青年项目(16CGL044), 华中师范大学中央高校基本科研业务费项目(CCNU14Z02015), 2016年华中师范大学优秀博士学位论文培育计划项目(2016YBZZ115)资助。

Family supportive supervisor behavior and marital satisfaction among Chinese dual-earner couples: Testing a positive spillover-crossover model

XIE Julan1,2; MA Hongyu1,2; TANG Hanying1,2; JIANG Hai2   

  1. (1 Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU), Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430079, China) (2 School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2016-05-11 Online:2017-03-25 Published:2017-03-25
  • Contact: MA Hongyu, E-mail: mahy@mail.ccnu.edu.cn; 唐汉瑛, E-mail: thy@mail.ccnu.edu.cn

摘要:

为了揭示家庭支持型主管行为(FSSB)对双职工夫妻双方婚姻满意感的影响及作用机制, 本研究结合资源−获取−发展观和基于关系支持的积极发展模型, 从夫妻互动(相互支持)的角度构建了一个积极溢出−交叉模型。运用结构方程模型对370 对双职工夫妻配对数据进行分析, 结果表明:(1) FSSB与我国双职工夫妻双方的婚姻满意感均正相关; (2) FSSB可通过增加员工的工作−家庭增益促进员工夫妻间相互支持的互惠效应, 进而提升员工夫妻双方的婚姻满意感; (3) 夫妻双方所获得的FSSB均可通过促进丈夫的婚姻满意感进而提升妻子的婚姻满意感。本研究提示, 增加FSSB能有效促进双职工夫妻间的相互支持、提升夫妻双方的婚姻满意感。

关键词: 家庭支持型主管行为, 工作−家庭增益, 配偶支持, 婚姻满意感, 积极溢出−交叉模型

Abstract:

Marital satisfaction has become an increasingly important research topic due to the increasing divorce rates in mainland China in the past decade. To understand potential causes of decreased marital satisfaction, previous studies have mainly focused on the negative effects of employees’ work demands. However, this approach has limited implications for practice for several reasons. First, emphasizing the negative influence of work demands on marital satisfaction may negatively impact employees’ work attitude, because to maintain a successful marriage is a central task of adult development. Second, even when organizations realize that work demands are harmful to employees’ marital satisfaction, they still may not be able to reduce the work demands due to intense market competition. Given these reasons, identifying poten tial factors to improve martial satisfaction may have more achievable practical implications, and researchers have begun to investigate the positive effect of work resources on employees’ family roles. In line with this trend, the primary goal of this study was to examine the relationship between family supportive supervisor behavior (FSSB) and dual-earner couples’ marital satisfaction. Drawing upon prior research on social support and the resource-gain-development perspective, the present study tested a positive spillover-crossover model in which FSSB is predicted to promote work-to-family enrichment that increases the reciprocal effect of social support between husbands and wives, and the reciprocal effect will further positively predict the couple’s marital satisfaction. We surveyed 370 Chinese dual-earner couples to measure their FSSB, work-to-family enrichment, spousal support and marital satisfaction. Structural equation modeling (SEM) and dyadic data analysis method were used to test the hypotheses. Additionally, whether having children under the age of 18 and whether having elderly domestic helpers were statistically controlled in all hypothesis testing. Analysis results largely provided support for the proposed positive spillover-crossover model. First, FSSB was positively related to the couple’s marital satisfaction, and FSSB positively predicted spousal support through increased work-to-family enrichment. Second, work-to-family enrichment positively predicted marital satisfaction through increased spousal support. Third, wives’ and husbands’ spousal support had a reciprocal positive impact on each other. Fourth, husbands’ marital satisfaction positively predicted wives’ marital satisfaction, but not the other way around. Lastly, husbands’ marital satisfaction mediated the positive effect of both husbands’ and wives’ FSSB on wives’ marital satisfaction. The present study examined the effect of FSSB on employee’s family life outcomes based on a system approach, and demonstrated the important effect of FSSB on dual-earner couples’ marital satisfaction. Our findings suggests that FSSB can be an important resources to promote dual-earner couples’ marital satisfaction. Since previous research have shown that supervisors’ FSSB could be improved by supervisor training and self-monitoring intervention, organizations can potentially promote dual-earner couples’ marital satisfaction by implementing these programs designed to increase supervisors’ FSSB.

Key words: family supportive supervisor behavior, marital satisfaction, positive spillover-crossover model, spousal support, work-to-family enrichment