ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (7): 857-866.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.00857

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

童年压力及死亡威胁启动对择偶要求的影响

汪佳瑛1; 陈斌斌2   

  1. (1 Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 U.S.A.) (2复旦大学心理学系, 上海 200433)
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-03 出版日期:2016-07-25 发布日期:2016-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈斌斌, E-mail: chenbinbin@fudan.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    复旦大学社会发展与公共政策学院科研基金资助。

The influence of childhood stress and mortality threat on mating standards

WANG Jiaying1; CHEN Bin-Bin2   

  1. (1 Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, U.S.A.) (2 Department of Psychology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China)
  • Received:2015-07-03 Online:2016-07-25 Published:2016-07-25
  • Contact: CHEN Bin-Bin, E-mail: chenbinbin@fudan.edu.cn

摘要:

本实验从生命史理论出发, 研究童年期环境压力如何与当前环境中的压力线索相互作用并影响个体对异性的择偶要求。被试为70名大学本科生, 其中一部分被试被分配到死亡威胁启动组, 他们阅读一篇描述近期国内暴力犯罪及死亡率上升的新闻报道, 另一部分被试被分配到控制组, 他们阅读一篇描述一个人花了很长时间寻找遗失钱包的文章。被试自我报告对异性的理想择偶要求及其童年压力。控制了性别及恋爱状态后, 多元回归分析表明:童年压力与启动条件仅在身体吸引力的理想标准上有显著交互作用。其中, 低童年压力组在死亡威胁启动下对异性身体吸引力的理想标准显著高于控制条件, 而高童年压力组在死亡威胁启动下对异性身体吸引力的理想要求则显著低于控制条件。此外, 启动条件在异性做“好父母”的择偶标准上有显著主效应, 死亡威胁启动下的被试对异性做好父母的择偶标准高于控制组被试。而在对资源的择偶标准上既不存在童年压力和死亡威胁启动的主效应, 也不存在交互作用。研究说明童年压力与当前环境压力会影响个体对异性的择偶要求, 但对不同择偶要求的影响作用不同。

关键词: 死亡威胁, 童年压力, 择偶要求, 生命史理论, 进化心理学

Abstract:

Life history theory focuses on interpreting organisms’ trade-off in the allocation of limited resource. Research shows that the childhood stress influences an individual’s life history strategies. Based on previous literature, this experiment investigated the interaction effect of childhood stress and current environment stress on men’s and women’s mating standards. Participants were 70 Chinese undergraduate students (59 females, 11 males) with ages ranging from 17 to 23 (M = 19.37, SD = 1.16). In the mortality threat condition, participants were primed by reading a news article on the recent increases in random violence and mortality in the country. In the control condition, participants were asked to read a paper about a person spending hours searching for the lost key in an afternoon. The two passages were similar in length and style and elicited similar levels of general arousal. Mating standards and childhood stress were measured by self-report scales. A series of independent-sample t-test results showed that with regard to resource, women’s standard was higher than men’s and single participants had lower mating standard than those in a relationship. After controlling gender and relationship status, regression analysis showed that the interaction effect only existed on the mating standard for physical attractiveness. Specifically, the participants with higher childhood stress showed significantly lower mating standard for physical attractiveness in the mortality condition than in the control condition, whereas the participants with less childhood stress showed higher mating standard for physical attractiveness in the mortality condition than in the control condition. Further, the participants with mortality prime had higher standard for good parent than the ones in the control group. No main or interaction effects were found on the mating standard for resource. The results indicated that the childhood stress and cues to environmental harshness might influence the mating standards, but they might have different impact on different mating standards.

Key words: mortality threat, childhood stress, mating standards, life history strategy, evolutionary psychology