ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (11): 1554-1562.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2012.01554

• 论文 • 上一篇    



  1. (1 河北师范大学心理学系, 石家庄 050024) (2中国科学院心理研究所, 北京 100101) (3石家庄陆军指挥学院军事心理教研室, 石家庄 050084)
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-20 出版日期:2012-11-28 发布日期:2012-11-01
  • 通讯作者: 阎书昌
  • 基金资助:


Siegen K. Chou's Military Psychological Practices and Thoughts During the War of Resistance Against Japan

YAN Shu-Chang;CHEN Jing;ZHANG Hong-Mei   

  1. (1 Department of Psychology, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China) (2 Institute of Psychology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China) (3 Institute of Psychology, Army Command Academy of PLA in Shijiazhuang, Shijiazhuang 050084, China)
  • Received:2012-04-20 Online:2012-11-28 Published:2012-11-01
  • Contact: YAN Shu-Chang

摘要: 周先庚在汉字心理学、教育心理学和工业心理学等多个领域做出了重要学术贡献或进行了开创性研究, 但是他在抗日战争时期军事心理学领域的贡献至今未能获得心理学界的深入认识。周先庚自1943年末开始在国民党第五军中筹办军官心理测验所, 从事军官心理测验工作。自1945年4月开始与主题统觉测验创始人默里合作从事伞兵选拔心理测评工作。在开展军事心理学实践的过程中, 周先庚提出了“创造中国本位军事心理学”的主张。周先庚在与默里开展的军事心理学合作中建立了深厚的友谊。周先庚将心理学知识用于抗日军官、伞兵的选拔上, 既体现了他的抗日精神, 也体现了他的实践精神、开创精神和中国本位精神。

关键词: 周先庚, 军官心理测验, 伞兵选拔, 军事心理学

Abstract: Siegen K. Chou (a.k.a. Zhou XianGeng), a modern Chinese psychologist, has made a lot of important contributions to the development of Chinese character psychology, educational psychology, industrial psychology etc. in China. However, Chou's contributions to the development of Chinese military psychology has never been recognized in the world of psychology in China. At the end of 1943, Chou was invited by Qiu Qingquan, a famous Kuomintang (KMT) general, to help set up an institute to do psychological testing to army officers. Since he accepted Qiu's invitation, Chou designed a draft plan for the institute, including planning procedure, nature and objectives, methodology, organization and propaganda, etc.. The series of work initiated the modern military psychology in China. For various reasons, although the institute had been prepared for a little more than 15 months, it didn't do any practical psychological testing. In March, 1945, Henry A. Murray came to China to take charge of recruiting pilot candidates for Chinese army. He invited Chou to join his assessment group. Chou learned Murray's testing methods systematically during their collaboration, and they had established profound friendship since then. At the beginning of August, 1945, Murray's assessment group conducted demonstration assessing on army officers for Qiu Qingquan. When Murray returned home, Chou carried out several batches of psychological testing for army officers. At the end of August, 1945, The Institute of Psychological Testing for Army Officers was formally established. Chou carried out practical activities of military psychology, meanwhile, Chou did a lot of practical works on military psychology, and he tried to call for the development of an Chinese-emic military psychology on the basis of a rational analysis of “China situation”. Chou's practices and thoughts of military psychology was a landmark of modern Chinese military psychology. Chou devoted himself to the application of psychological knowledge to military field under the background of the War of Resistance Against Japan, it is a reflection of his groundbreaking practical character and Chinese-emic spirits.

Key words: Siegen K. Chou, psychological testing for army officers, recruiting pilot candidates, Chinese military psychology

[an error occurred while processing this directive]