ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (9): 1544-1551.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01544

• Regular Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

 Proactive personality: Mechanisms and future directions

 ZHANG Ying; YANG Fu   

  1.  (School of Business Administration, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 611130, China)
  • Received:2016-11-14 Online:2017-09-15 Published:2017-07-14
  • Contact: YANG Fu, E-mail: E-mail: E-mail:
  • Supported by:

Abstract:  Proactive personality, a special trait, refers to a disposition toward taking personal initiatives to influence one’s environment. Employees with high proactive personality are more likely to identify and seek opportunities, and stick to their goals. By systematically reviewing and integrating the existing literature on proactive personality, this study summarizes proactive personality’s origin and concept, measurements, consequences, mediating mechanisms and moderating mechanisms, and the moderating effects of Chinese indigenous culture. We identify the trends of future research and point out that future research should focus on improving concept, developing new measurement that fits to cultural and economic background, and expanding research levels and consequences.

Key words:  proactive, proactive personality, mediating mechanisms, moderating mechanisms, Chinese organizational context

CLC Number: