ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (suppl.): 131-131.

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The location-based Simon effect: Reliability of ex-Gaussian analysis

Chunming Luo1, Robert W. Proctor2   

  1. 1CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Beijing, China;
    2Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
  • Online:2019-08-26 Published:2022-03-21

Abstract: Purpose and method: Task-irrelevant stimulus location can influence the response performance to task-relevant attributes, generating the location-based Simon effect. Using a Monte Carlo study and other methods, we examined whether the ex-Gaussian distribution provides a good fit to empirical reaction time (RT) distributions in the Simon task and whether reliable Simon effects occur on the ex-Gaussian parameters: (a) the mean (µ), (b) the standard deviation (σ) of the normal distribution, and (c) the tail (τ).
Results and conclusion: The ex-Gaussian function fitted well to empirical RT distributions, and that these ex-Gaussian parameters are reliable between two trial blocks at the group level. At the individual level, correlation analysis showed that the Simon effect was reliable on the µ parameter but not on σ and τ. Moreover, a partial correlation analysis, with µs of the two blocks as controlling variables, showed that the Simon effect on τ was reliable. These results provide evidence that the ex-Gaussian function is a valuable tool for analyzing the Simon effect and can be considered as an alternative for analyzing RT distributions in Simon-type tasks.