ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (2): 322-328.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00322

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Why trying to lose weight brings fat? Psychological mechanisms and influencing factors of overeating among restrained eaters

WANG Shaorui1, CHEN Hong1,2()   

  1. 1 School of Psychology, Southwest University
    2 Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Southwest University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400715, China;
  • Received:2018-03-21 Online:2019-02-15 Published:2018-12-25
  • Contact: CHEN Hong


As a common strategy used to lose weight in female group, restrained eating becomes increasingly popular nowadays. However, previous studies have proved that it was not an effective method to lose or maintain weight. Although restricting their consumption consciously, in many circumstances, restrained eaters are even easier to overeat compared with unrestrained ones. Many studies have explored the causes of restrained eaters’ overeating and factors influencing it. This article reviewed researches about overeating among restrained eaters at home and abroad and summarized the two psychological mechanisms: attentional bias and inhibitory control deficit. What’s more, this article also generalized five influencing factors of overeating among restrained eaters, including preload, emotional arousal, ego depletion, cognitive resource distraction, personality and social factors. At last, we discussed inadequacies of previous studies and looked forward to the future researching directions.

Key words: restrained eating, overeating, attentional bias, inhibitory control

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