ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (1): 21-30.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00021

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The differences between silent and oral reading

GAO Min; XU Erjia; REN Guiqin; SUI Xue   

  1. (School of Psychological Science, Liaoning Normal University; Collaborative Innovation Center for Healthy Personality Assessment and Training of Children and Adolescents, Dalian 116029, China)
  • Received:2015-05-08 Online:2016-01-15 Published:2016-01-15
  • Contact: SUI Xue, E-mail:


Silent and oral reading are two basic reading models in reading research. In this study, we summarized the differences between silent and oral reading from the following three aspects. First, reading behaviors are different under silent and oral reading. Second, previous studies show that cognitive mechanisms are also different between silent and oral reading. Finally, silent and oral reading could lead to different brain arousing. In addition, we also give some suggestions about the future research. The future research should focus on the specific phase of transforming from oral to silent reading, eye movement differences in the development process of the two different reading modes, influences of the pronunciation and the background music on reading under the two different reading modes, the difference in children’s brain mechanism under the two different reading modes and so on.

Key words: reading mode, silent reading, oral reading