ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 977-986.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00977

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Hopelessness and Hopefulness: Risk and Resilience to Hopelessness Depression from the Perspective of Cognitive Style

ZHOU Lihua;CHEN Jian;LU Dali;LIU Xiaoqun;SU Linyan   

  1. (1 Mental Health Institute of The Second Xiangya Hospital, National Technology Institute of Psychiatry, Key Laboratory of Psychiatry and Mental Health of Hunan Province, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410011, China) (2 Department of Hengyan Normal University, Hengyang 421002, China) (3 School of Education Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China)
  • Received:2013-08-19 Online:2014-06-15 Published:2014-06-15
  • Contact: SU Linyan


There are two lines of research examining the role of cognitive style in hopelessness depression. Based on cognitive vulnerability-stress model, the first one focuses on the etiology of hopelessness depression, emphasizing the role of cognitive vulnerability and stress in the risk of hopelessness and depression. The other one, based on a model of recovery from depression, focuses on the recovery of hopelessness depression, highlighting the role of cognitive protective factors and positive life events in increasing hopefulness, as well as recovery from depression. In this regard, clarifying some relevant issues and integrating the two approaches should be of benefit to assessing individual’s depression risk and exploring the resilience growth among vulnerable individuals.

Key words: hopelessness depression, cognitive style, hopelessness, hopefulness, integration