ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2024, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (7): 1073-1086.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2024.01073

• Conceptual Framework • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The concept of team temporal leadership and its mechanisms on team and individual effectiveness

LI Yuhui(), YANG Chenlu   

  1. School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2023-11-30 Online:2024-07-15 Published:2024-05-09
  • Contact: LI Yuhui


Time is the paramount intangible resource in organizations. In an external environment characterized by rapid technological and customer demand changes, as well as increasing uncertainty, organizations that effectively utilize time can seize opportunities, enhance their market responsiveness, and foster dynamic innovation capabilities. For individuals, efficient use of time can improve performance within limited timeframes, reduce overtime hours, and promote work-life balance. In modern organizations, teams have gradually emerged as the fundamental unit of work. Through teams, organizations accomplish complex tasks, and the utilization of individual time is also closely related to the work teams. Team leaders play a pivotal role in team operations, and the importance of team temporal leadership is becoming increasingly prominent.

Team temporal leadership, recognized as a crucial factor in enhancing the efficiency of organizational time utilization, has garnered significant research attention in recent years. Nevertheless, significant gaps still exist in the research on team temporal leadership. Firstly, clarification is needed concerning the conceptual connotation and dimensions of team temporal leadership. Additionally, the validity of measurement scales pertaining to team temporal leadership within the Chinese context must be verified. Secondly, the mechanisms underlying the impact of team temporal leadership remain incompletely explored. Prior studies have primarily focused on mechanisms through the lens of team cognition, motivation, and psychological state, yet they have overlooked the analysis of team interaction processes and affective tone. Thirdly, insufficient attention has been given to the cross-level influence of team temporal leadership on individuals. There is an urgent need for further exploration of how team temporal leadership affects subordinates’ individual effectiveness, particularly with regard to the mediating role played by their time management skills, time cognition, and motivation.

This study systematically investigates team temporal leadership, clarifying its conceptual connotation, exploring its mechanisms on team and individual effectiveness, and subsequently establishing a nomological network of team temporal leadership. Specifically, it encompasses three sub-studies. Study 1 delves into the conceptual connotation of team temporal leadership and develops a validated measurement scale for it, ensuring its strong reliability and validity in the Chinese context. Study 2 employs a multi-source questionnaire survey to explore the multiple mechanisms of team temporal leadership on team effectiveness, taking into account team cognition, interaction processes, and affective tone. It specifically examines the mediating effects of temporal team mental model, team communication quality, and team positive affective tone, as well as the moderating role of team task interdependence. Study 3 aims to utilize multilevel linear models to investigate the cross-level mechanism of team temporal leadership on individual effectiveness. This includes examining the mediating effects of subordinates’ time management skill, temporal predictability, effort during goal pursuit, and thriving at work.

This study aims to contribute significantly in three key areas. Firstly, it addresses urgent fundamental issues that require resolution in the field of team temporal leadership research. By clarifying and defining the concept of team temporal leadership and developing a validated measurement scale, this study establishes a crucial foundation for the further advancement of this research domain. Secondly, this study pushes the boundaries of team temporal leadership research, complementing and driving theoretical advancements. Given the incomplete and limited understanding of the mechanisms of team temporal leadership, this study delves deeper into the multi-level mechanisms underlying its impact on both team and individual effectiveness, thereby effectively expanding the scope of research. Thirdly, this study addresses the pressing needs of contemporary management practices. In the rapidly evolving business environment, where technology and customer demands are constantly changing, organizations must not only innovate in their products and services but also ensure rapid market delivery to outpace their competitors. The efficient utilization of time resources within organizations has become a critical concern in management practices. By exploring the effects and mechanisms of team temporal leadership on both team and individual effectiveness, this study offers valuable insights to address urgent time management challenges faced by organizations.

Key words: team temporal leadership, functional leadership theory, temporal team mental model, team performance

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