ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (8): 1293-1306.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.01293

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Effects of air pollution on individuals’ direct and spillover behaviors

CHEN Jun-Fang1,2, WU Xiao-Ju1,2, TAO Rui1,2,3, ZHAO Ning1,2, LI Shu1,2, ZHENG Rui1,2()   

  1. 1 CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2 Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3 Institute of Psychology and Behavioral Science, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
  • Received:2019-12-03 Online:2020-08-15 Published:2020-06-28
  • Contact: ZHENG Rui


Depending on how closely it connects with environmental health, behavioral response as a result of air pollution can be classified into two types: direct behavior and social behavior (or spillover behavior). In this regard, this paper reviewed previous literature on how air pollution influences these two types of behaviors. Further, we summarized several mechanisms underlying these two behaviors. Specifically, the Theory of Planned Behavior and the Health Action Process Approach were proposed to model direct behavior; anxiety and ego depletion were proposed to predict social behavior. More comprehensive investigations into the behavioral mechanisms will benefit future designing of more effective measures against air pollution. Future researchers may consider adopting a longitudinal paradigm and conduct in-depth analyses of behavioral mechanisms, in order to improve individuals’ behaviors in response to risks.

Key words: air pollution, direct behaviors, spillover behaviors, environmental psychology

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