ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 358-367.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00358

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Work-related rumination and its “double-edged sword” effect

ZHANG Jing1,2, LI Weihe1, SHI Yanwei1, ZHANG Nan1, MA Hongyu1()   

  1. 1 School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    2 School of Psychology, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang 453003, China
  • Received:2019-03-12 Online:2020-02-15 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: MA Hongyu


Work-related rumination (WRR) refers to conscious, recurring work-related thoughts that occur without being asked to do so. WRR is divided into two dimensions: work-related affective rumination and work-related problem-solving pondering. The influence of WRR on individual health, work and happiness is a double-edged sword. Perseverative cognition theory, cognitive activation theory of stress and cognitive resource perspective theory provide explanations for the internal mechanism of positive and negative effects of WRR. Researchers should analyze boundary conditions affecting the double-edged sword effect, seek the route of reducing its negative effects and increasing the positive effect, in the future. Besides, researchers should also expand the analytical perspective of psychological mechanism of the double-edged sword effect, as well as the functional level of the effect.

Key words: work-related rumination (WRR), “double-edged sword” effect, perseverative cognition theory, cognitive activation theory of stress, cognitive resource perspective theory

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