ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 275-283.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00275

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Cognitive mechanism and treatment for body dysmorphic disorder

YIN Qianlan, CHEN Aibin, DENG Guanghui()   

  1. Department of Naval Aviation & Operational Psychology, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2019-03-21 Online:2020-02-15 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: DENG Guanghui


Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a preoccupation with imaginary or slight physical defects. It is characterized by a negative self-cognitive framework, affecting the individual's choice of information, organization, and evaluation. The results showed that BDD patients have special characteristics in cognitive processes, including local processing advantages, attention bias, interpretation bias, memory bias. These biases are mainly derived from abnormally cognitive information processing and the changes of the neural circuits. Besides, targeted at these abnormalities, cognitive behavioral therapies have a certain positive effect. However, BDD is a relatively common underlying psychological disorder, yet studies for BDD are still in the infancy compared to other psychiatric studies. Therefore, further analyses of the cognitive process of BDD combined with psychological experimental paradigm and neurophysiology are of great significance for the deepening of its cognitive mechanism and improving cognitive behavioral therapies.

Key words: body dysmorphic disorder, cognitive characteristics, neurophysiology, cognitive behaviour therapy

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