ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 206-219.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00206

• Conceptual Framework • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The dynamic process and reciprocal effect of employee social capital cross-level fit

ZHENG Fang1(), SUN Xiuli2, HAO Xiling3   

  1. 1 School of Business, Tianjin University of Finance and Economics, Tianjin 300222, China
    2 Guanghua School of Management, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    3 School of Business Administration, Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu 233030, China
  • Received:2018-11-27 Online:2020-02-15 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: ZHENG Fang


The transformation of employee social capital to enterprise social capital is an effective way to explore employee value and obtain external resource. In order to illustrate the multi-level subject interaction, this study proposes a new construct of social capital cross-level fit, and analyzes its dynamic process and reciprocal effect using cross-level longitudinal study. We explore the dimensions of this construct and develop an inventory to access it. We further deconstruct the evolvement of social capital cross-level fit, discussing the effect of employees’ psychology and behavior, enterprise capability and situation in this dynamic process. Finally, we construct top-down and down-top theoretical model of emergence and embedded effect that integrates multilevel factors, and clarify function route and boundary conditions through empirical analysis of tracing data. On this basis, we discuss strategic choice of cross-level fit through longitudinal cross-case study, offering suggestions for enterprise to motivate extra-role behavior and utilize social capital effectively.

Key words: social capital, cross-level fit, employee-organization relationship, process deconstruction, reciprocal effect

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