ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (7): 1215-1223.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01215

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Transfer-of-learning effect based on response selection: From individual to social situations

XU Sheng1, TIAN Mi2(), LUO Tianrui2, SAI Liyang1   

  1. 1 Institutes of Psychological Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 311121, China
    2 Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
  • Received:2018-09-18 Online:2019-07-15 Published:2019-05-22
  • Contact: TIAN Mi


Acquired spatial incompatible stimulus-response associations in a prior practice task can reduce, eliminate, or even reverse the Simon effect in a subsequent transfer task. This is called the transfer-of- learning (ToL) effect. Researchers have found some factors that influence the ToL effect in both individual and social situations. Some relevant theoretical explanations, e.g., the short-term memory associations account, the bottom-up priming mechanism and the response-opposite strategy, can explain the ToL effect. Future research should seek to clarify whether or not the stimulus-response transfer is bidirectional, and explore the cognitive neural mechanisms involved, as well as the developmental aspects of the ToL effect.

Key words: transfer-of-learning effect, social-transfer-of-learning effect, Simon effect, individual situations, social situations

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