ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (6): 1012-1018.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01012

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Implicit acquisition of musical syntax and its influence on schema expectation

DENG Jue1, YE Yiduo1(), CHEN Yanfang2   

  1. 1 School of Psychology, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350000, China
    2 Art College, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
  • Received:2017-10-12 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-04-28
  • Contact: YE Yiduo


The acquisition of musical syntax derives from the long-term abstraction of statistical rules of musical schema, which depends on the daily music exposure and statistical learning ability. It plays an important role in the process of constructing musical mental lexicon and influences the formation of musical schema expectation. The musical syntax has been proved to be implicitly learned with unconscious exposure, while explicit professional training may be conducive to the improvement of music statistical learning ability. The researches of the ENAN, N5, mCPS and other musical syntax-related electroencephalograms help to understand the processing mechanism of implicit learning of musical syntax. Therefore, future studies should examine, in the complete music structure, how the acquisitions of various music elements interact to make music learning experiments more ecologically effective and to promote the application of the research results in music teaching practice.

Key words: implicit acquisition, musical syntax, statistical learning, exposure effect, musical expectation

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