ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (10): 2219-2227.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2022.02219

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


吴瑕1,2,3,4, 王浚哲1, 王赟1, 陈瀛5, 杨海波1,2,3()   

  1. 1天津师范大学心理学部, 天津 300387
    2教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地天津师范大学心理与行为研究院, 天津 300387
    3学生心理发展与学习天津市高校社会科学实验室, 天津 300387
    4中国科学院大学心理学系, 北京 100049
    5天津职业技术师范大学职业教育学院, 天津 300222
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-13 出版日期:2022-10-15 发布日期:2022-08-24
  • 通讯作者: 杨海波
  • 基金资助:

The processing mechanism of category-specific attentional control settings in attentional capture

WU Xia1,2,3,4, WANG Junzhe1, WANG Yun1, CHEN Ying5, YANG Haibo1,2,3()   

  1. 1Faculty of Psychology, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    2Key Research Base of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education, Academy of Psychology and Behavior, Tianjin 300387, China
    3Tianjin Social Science Laboratory of Students' Mental Development and Learning
    4Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    5College of Vocational Education, Tianjin University of Technology and Education, Tianjin 300222, China
  • Received:2021-05-13 Online:2022-10-15 Published:2022-08-24
  • Contact: YANG Haibo


注意捕获是指注意定向的过程中刺激不自觉地捕获注意的现象。在复杂的视觉搜索任务中, 类别注意控制定势(cACS)能够帮助我们将注意引导到与目标定义类别匹配的刺激上, 并对其进行优先加工。探讨cACS在注意捕获中的加工机制, 不仅能够扩展注意捕获领域的理论研究, 还能对实际生活提供指导。通过文献梳理, 从cACS的作用阶段、cACS的加工强度及cACS作用时的激活脑区三个方面总结了注意捕获中的cACS的加工机制。未来研究可以就抑制分心物的ACS、不同类型的cACS加工差异和人工类别ACS加工过程等进行探讨。

关键词: 注意捕获, 注意控制定势, 类别, cACS


Attentional capture refers to the phenomenon that task-related stimuli unconsciously capture attention and get priority processing in attentional orientation. Attentional control Settings (ACS) can guide attention to task-related stimuli, and then preferentially process it. When target is defined as a category composed of multiple objects, the attention system will form category-specific attentional control settings (cACS). Investigating the mechanism of cACS in attentional capture can not only expand and enrich previous theoretical research, but also provide basis and guidance for real life.

The present study reviewed the characteristics of cACS. Firstly, related to the processing stage of cACS, some previous studies claimed it occurred at an early stage, while others thought it happened at a late stage. Two-stage hypothesis combined these two views and postulated that different cACS can guide attention independently at the early stage, and then integrate into one single cACS at the late stage. In addition, cACS can also be preactivated in the preattentive stage to improve the subsequent search efficiently.

Secondly, relative to the processing weight of cACS, the attributes (e.g., color, size, shape or motion) of category, the size of items in category and the abstraction of categorical hierarchy were proven to be the impact factors of the processing weight of cACS. Specifically, the processing weight of cACS was lower than the feature-specific attentional control settings (fACS). The weight of color-specific cACS was larger than that of other cACSs. The weight of cACS was reduced along with a larger size of items in category. And the weight of superordinate-level cACS was lower than that of subordinate-level cACS.

Thirdly, relative to the involved brain regions of cACS, we summarized the previous functional brain imaging research and found object-selective cortex (OSC) involved the processing of extracting cACS stored in long-term memory and selecting target/inhibiting distractor.

Finally, we summarized the neural mechanisms of cACS in attentional capture. Firstly, cACS can preactivate in the early preattentive stage of processing to promote the detection of categorical stimuli (as the involvement of OSC). When the visual stimulus is occurred, cACS can compare the current stimulus to the definition of target (as the index of N1 and P1 components), the frontal parietal network (PFC, LIP, etc.) involve in the category judgment process, and the left superior temporal sulcus (lSTS) participate in the integration of top-down and bottom-up processing. The stimulus that matches target definition can induce attentional capture (as the index of N2pc component), while the stimulus that mismatches the target definition can elicit attentional inhibition (as the index of PD component). When cACS engage in visual search task, the processing weight of attention is affected by different attributes (color, shape, etc.), item size within category, category hierarchy. In addition, if the target is defined as multiple cACS (e.g., a digit with warm color), the different dimensions of cACS (e.g., symbol and color ) will affect attentional capture independently at the early stage, and then these two independent cACS can be integrated into one cACS in the late stage. In the late stage, the consolidation in working memory (as the index of CDA component) and the behavioral response (as the index of accuracy and response time and the involvement of SMA and precuneus) are involved.

Future studies can focus on the categorical rejection template for distractors, the various effects of different types of cACS in attentional capture, and the mechanism of artificial cACS.

Key words: attentional capture, attentional control settings, category, cACS