ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (11): 1865-1879.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.01865

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


杨盈, 朱慧珺, 周婉, 张明杨, 谢怡萍, 包寒吴霜, 苏展, 王潇欧, 敬一鸣, 杨紫嫣, 蔡华俭()   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所人格与社会心理研究中心, 北京 100101;中国科学院大学心理学系, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-19 出版日期:2020-11-15 发布日期:2020-09-23
  • 通讯作者: 蔡华俭
  • 基金资助:
    * 本文系2017年度国家社会科学基金重大招标项目“中国社会变迁过程中的文化与心理变化”(17ZDA324)的阶段性成果

The behavioral immune system: A multi-level reconsideration

YANG Ying, ZHU Hui-Jun, ZHOU Wan, ZHANG Ming-Yang, XIE Yi-Ping, BAO Han-Wu-Shuang, SU Zhan, WANG Xiao-Ou, JING Yi-Ming, YANG Zi-Yan, CAI Hua-Jian()   

  1. Center for Personality and Social Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-05-19 Online:2020-11-15 Published:2020-09-23
  • Contact: CAI Hua-Jian


行为免疫系统理论认为, 为了应对流行病威胁, 人类进化出了一套特殊的行为反应倾向, 包括对疾病线索的警觉、厌恶, 对健康配偶的偏好, 对外群体的排斥, 对集体主义的推崇等。已有研究主要从宏观(群体)和微观(个体)两个水平开展, 虽然有大量研究结果支持该理论, 但也存在不少不一致甚至相反的发现。研究方法、理论基础和现代适用性等方面的不足可能是出现这种情况的原因。未来研究需克服上述问题, 并进一步拓展该理论的研究内容, 检验理论和相关研究的边界, 探讨行为免疫背后的生理机制等。

关键词: 流行病, 行为免疫系统, 传染病


The theory of Behavioral Immune System (BIS) posits that to cope with pandemic stress, human beings have evolved a series of behavioral responses, including vigilance to and disgust of disease cues, preference for healthy mate and collectivism, prejudice against out-groups and so on. For the first time, the existing studies were reviewed according to research level (individual vs. group). A large body of supportive evidence for BIS at both levels was identified, though many inconsistent and/or conflicting findings exist. Reasons leading to such inconsistencies include inadequacies of research methods, theory basis, and applicability in modern society. Future research should examine the boundary conditions of existing findings and theory; extend the scope of the current research; explore the underlying biological and physiological mechanism of BIS.

Key words: pathogen, behavioral immune system, infectious disease