ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (6): 985-994.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00985

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (华中师范大学心理学院暨湖北省人的发展与心理健康重点实验室; 青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室, 武汉 430079)
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-03 出版日期:2016-06-15 发布日期:2016-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 徐富明, E-mail:

Mindfulness meditation and addictive behaviors

XU Fuming; LI Yan; DENG Ying; SHI Yanwei; LIU Chenghao   

  1. (School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province; Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU), Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2015-06-03 Online:2016-06-15 Published:2016-06-15
  • Contact: XU Fuming, E-mail:


在矫正成瘾行为的研究中, 正念禅修作为一种更为有益的尝试, 受到研究者们日益广泛的关注。正念禅修指个体自觉地将注意力集中于体验其思想、情绪和身体感觉上, 并以觉察、接纳和非批判的态度关注于当下体验的训练方式。目前, 研究者主要就正念禅修在成瘾行为矫正中的积极作用、渴望与压力在其中所扮演的作用以及从神经机制三方面对其进行阐述, 由于当前的研究大多是初步性的, 未来可从研究方法学、解释机制和应用研究等方面展开进一步的探究。

关键词: 正念禅修, 成瘾行为, 物质使用障碍, 渴望


Mindfulness meditation as a more beneficial approach to addictions has attracted increasing attention from researchers. Mindfulness meditation, whose practice involves consciously focusing on the experience of thoughts, emotions, and body sensations, is commonly defined as a method which pays attention to the present moment with an attitude of awareness, acceptance and non-judgment. The researcher conducted this paper in three perspectives, namely, the active role of the mindfulness meditation in modifying addictive behaviors, the importance of desire and pressure in it and the neural mechanism. As all studies up to now is preliminary, future explorations are expected to be further launched in areas like research methodology, explanatory mechanism, and application research.

Key words: mindfulness meditation, addictive behaviors, substance use disorders, craving