ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (5): 753-764.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00753

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (华中师范大学心理学院, 青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室, 湖北省人的发展与心理健康重点实验室, 武汉 430079)
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-01 出版日期:2016-05-15 发布日期:2016-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 江光荣, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    “湖北高校大学生自杀个案十年调研分析报告(2004~ 2013)”资助。

The dual representation theory of PTSD and its examination

WANG Ming; JIANG Guangrong   

  1. (School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (Ministry of Education); Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2015-07-01 Online:2016-05-15 Published:2016-05-15
  • Contact: JIANG Guangrong, E-mail:


创伤后应激障碍的双重表征理论(dual representation theory of PTSD, DRT)基于多重记忆系统的观点, 强调特定加工通路(即视觉加工腹侧通路和背侧通路)在侵入性表象形成和提取中的作用。DRT认为, 两类不同性质的竞争性认知任务(即言语任务和视觉空间任务)分别占用特定加工通路的认知资源从而影响创伤信息加工和创伤记忆再巩固; 工作记忆模型(working memory model, WMM)则强调竞争性认知任务对整体认知资源的占用。目前, DRT和WMM均得到了一些研究的支持。未来的研究应考虑个体的工作记忆能力; 开展更多干预研究, 并尝试改进研究方法, 以及设计与文化相符、更加生活化的竞争性认知任务。此外, 在加强模拟干预研究的同时也要增加临床应用研究, 适当开展真实创伤情境的干预研究, 还要加强相关信息加工能力训练的研究。

关键词: 创伤后应激障碍, 双重表征理论, 工作记忆模型, 竞争性认知任务


Based on the perspective of multiple memory systems, the dual representation theory (DRT) of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) underlines the functions of ventral and dorsal streams of visual processing on both of the formation and retrieval of the intrusive imagery. The DRT proposes that two types of competitive cognitive tasks (i.e., verbal and visual-spatial tasks) can influence traumatic information processing and traumatic memory reconsolidation by taxing the cognitive resources of ventral and dorsal streams respectively. Alternatively, the working memory model (WMM) argues that the effect of competitive cognitive tasks is a result of taxing the cognitive resources as a whole. Both of the DRT and WMM have received some empirical support. Future studies should consider individual differences in working memory capacity. Especially, it would be helpful to conduct more intervention studies, and effort should be made to improve research methods and design new competitive cognitive tasks that are more compatible with culture and closer to real life. Besides, studies with clinical applications and simulation intervention studies should be conducted increasingly; intervention studies in real traumatic situations should be carried out appropriately; more studies that are related to training relevant capacities of information processing should be conducted as well.

Key words: posttraumatic stress disorder, the dual representation theory, working memory model, competitive cognitive task