ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (7): 1238-1247.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01238

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


訾红岩, 何嘉梅()   

  1. 辽宁师范大学儿童青少年健康人格评定与培养协同创新中心, 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-11 出版日期:2019-07-15 发布日期:2019-05-22
  • 通讯作者: 何嘉梅
  • 基金资助:
    * 2017年辽宁省教育厅项目(W201783656);2018年度教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(18YJC190005)

Self-others overlap and related concepts

ZI Hongyan, HE Jiamei()   

  1. Liaoning Collaborative Innovation Center of Children and Adolescents Healthy Personality Assessment and Cultivation, Dalian 116029, China
  • Received:2018-09-11 Online:2019-07-15 Published:2019-05-22
  • Contact: HE Jiamei


在总结自我-他人重叠概念的提出历程、测量方法、结构, 以及常用改变方法的基础上, 通过辨析自我-他人重叠与关系自我、自我扩张之间的关系, 以及它和社会距离之间的异同, 明晰了自我-他人重叠的本质特点。自我-他人重叠是强调自己和他人具有相似表征的关系自我, 是个体在自我扩张动机的驱使下, 将他人的资源、观点和特质纳入自我的结果。未来可以借鉴关系自我神经机制的研究成果来探讨自我-他人重叠的神经机制, 还可以深入探讨过高的自我-他人重叠对亲密关系的消极作用。

关键词: 自我-他人重叠, 关系自我, 自我扩张, 社会距离


Self-others overlap is the overlap of self-concept between individuals and others. In previous studies, multiple concepts of self-others overlap were proposed, and different measurements were formulated to measure the two dimensions of perceived closeness and overlapping representation. Moreover, a variety of methods were developed to modify an individual’s self-other overlap with others. Furthermore, this article analyzed the relationships between self-other overlap with relational self, self-expansion, and social distance. It was found that self-others overlap is the result of self-expanding activities through including the others’ identities, resources, and perspectives into themselves. In future, it is necessary to explore the neural mechanism of the self-other overlap, in addition to negative impacts on the interpersonal relationship.

Key words: self-other overlap, relational self, self-expansion, social distance