ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (9): 1608-1616.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01608

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (华中师范大学心理学院暨湖北省人的发展与心理健康重点实验室;
    青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室, 武汉 430079)
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-30 出版日期:2015-09-15 发布日期:2015-09-15
  • 通讯作者: 徐富明, E-mail:

Empathetic Social Pain: Evidence from Neuroimaging

SHI Yanwei; XU Fuming; WANG Wei; LI Yan; LIU Chenghao   

  1. (School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province; Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU), Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2015-01-30 Online:2015-09-15 Published:2015-09-15
  • Contact: XU Fuming, E-mail:


社会痛苦是指个体感觉到被渴望的社会关系排斥或者被重要他人和群体贬损时表现出的一种特定的负性情绪反应。对于社会痛苦的神经生理机制的探讨已成为当前研究的重点, 研究者主要从个体经历社会排斥、目睹他人被社会排斥(共情)时的神经活动来解释社会痛苦的神经生理机制。社会痛苦受到依恋、自尊等因素的影响。未来可从探讨社会痛苦在不同年龄阶段的神经机制和探索社会痛苦与人格障碍之间的关系两个方面展开进一步的探究。

关键词: 社会痛苦, 社会排斥, 共情, 功能性磁共振成像


Social pain refers to a special negative emotional reaction to perception that one is rejected by desired relationships or devalued by desired partners or groups. According to the existing findings, social pain may be induced by certain neural activities, such as individual experience of social exclusion, witness of others’ being excluded, that is to say, empathy. Moreover, social pain could be mitigated by attachment, self-esteem, and the like. Further researches are expected to investigate the neural mechanisms of social pain in different ages, and explore the relationship between social pain and personality disorder.

Key words: social pain, social exclusion, empathy, fMRI