ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (12): 1917-1925.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01917

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


朱艳丽1; 席思思2; 吴艳红2;   

  1. (1郑州大学教育系, 郑州 450001) (2北京大学心理与认知科学学院, 北京 100080)
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-06 出版日期:2016-12-15 发布日期:2016-12-15
  • 通讯作者: 吴艳红, E-mail:

Self-deception in autobiographical narrative: Individuals’ self identity strategy

ZHU Yanli1; XI Sisi2; WU Yanhong2   

  1. (1 Department of Education, ZhengZhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China) (2 School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, PeKing University, Beijing 100080, China)
  • Received:2015-07-06 Online:2016-12-15 Published:2016-12-15
  • Contact: WU Yanhong, E-mail:


自传体叙事中的自我欺骗是一种从个体内角度理解的自我欺骗, 是无人际压力情况下个体自我建构过程中所使用的一种认同策略。这种自我欺骗发生在自传体叙事过程中, 个体通过叙事语言拉开“新我”和“旧我”的叙事距离, 建立新的目标追求并实现, 最终构建新的叙事认同。在这个过程中, 个体在维持正性自我概念的动机驱动下, 采用有偏差的信息加工方式叙述自我故事, 满足情绪体验与情绪评价一致性的需要, 进而影响个体的自我意识, 引发自我改变。未来研究可以探讨自传体叙事中自我欺骗在临床中的行为表现与治疗策略, 考察其认知神经机制, 并探讨不同社会文化背景下自我欺骗的特点与影响因素。

关键词: 自传体叙事, 自我欺骗, 动机型认知, 自我提升, 叙事认同


Self-deception in autobiographical narrative is a kind of self-deception in the perspective of intrapersonal, and a strategy that individuals use to maintain self-identity in the process of self-construction under no interpersonal pressure. It occurs in the process of autobiographical narrative, in which individuals widen narrative distance between “new me” and “old me” through narrative language, construct a new goal to seek and achieve, and finally set up a narrative identity. In this process, individuals are motivated to maintain a positive self-concept by using biased information processing, and to meet the need of consistent experience and evaluate of emotion as well. Self-deception in autobiographical narrative can affect individuals’ self-consciousness, and result in self-change. Future research would focus on the occurrence and coping strategies of self-deception in autobiographical narrative in clinical treatment. Meanwhile its cognitive neural mechanism will be investigated, and its characteristics and influencing factors under different socio-cultural backgrounds will be explored.

Key words: autobiographical narratives, self-deception, motivated cognition, self-enhancement, narrative identity