ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (3): 410-421.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00410

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室;
    华中师范大学心理学院暨湖北省人的发展与心理健康重点实验室, 武汉 430079)
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-30 出版日期:2016-03-15 发布日期:2016-03-15
  • 通讯作者: 谢员, E-mail:

Careerist orientation: Conceptualization, measurement, causes and effects

YANG Yue; XIE Yuan; QIN Chenxi   

  1. (Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior, Ministry of Education (CCNU); School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2014-06-30 Online:2016-03-15 Published:2016-03-15
  • Contact: XIE Yuan, E-mail:


野心家取向指员工以非绩效取向的方式追求职业生涯发展的倾向。具有野心家取向的个体其生涯目标与组织目标不一致, 坚信仅仅依靠绩效很难得到提升, 需要运用组织政治行为、印象管理以及欺骗操纵策略获得晋升与高的绩效评定等级。对雇主的信任、感知到的组织公正、对生涯发展机会的感知、个体的交换意识、大五人格特质、马基雅维利主义以及原发性的精神病态等均会影响员工采取野心家取向的生涯发展态度。该取向雇员的工作满意度、生活满意度、内在工作动机、工作卷入度及组织承诺都比较低, 而离职意向却很高, 这会给组织带来消极后果。未来需从野心家取向的研究方法、变量与生态效度等方面进行深入探讨。

关键词: 野心家取向, 非绩效取向, 职业生涯发展


Careerist orientation is defined as the propensity to pursue career advancement through non-performance-based means. Employee with a careerist orientation have career goals that are inconsistent with the interests of the organization in the long run. They believe that it is difficult to advance in organizations through merit alone, it is necessary to engage in strategy of organizational politics behavior, impression management, even deception which will ensure a promotion. Many factors such as trust in employer, an individual’s perceptions of organizational justice, perceived opportunities of career growth, five-factor model personality traits, Machiavellianism and the primary psychopathy, would influence the employees to adopt the career development attitude of careerist orientation. A careerist orientation to work is negatively related to many variables (job satisfaction, life satisfaction, work motivation, job involvement and organizational commitment), and positively related to turnover intentions. Some major directions for future research are put forward.

Key words: careerist orientation, non-performance-based means, career development