ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (12): 1975-1984.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.01975

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


胡少楠1,2 ;王詠1   

  1. (1中国科学院心理研究所, 北京 100101) (2中国科学院大学, 北京 100049)
  • 收稿日期:2014-01-23 出版日期:2014-12-15 发布日期:2014-12-15
  • 通讯作者: 王詠, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KSCX2-YW-R- 130); 北京市重点学科建设项目(应用心理学, 2008~ 2013)资助; 中科院心理所创新项目“国民幸福感指数的建构与影响因素识别” (Y1CX193007)。

Concept, Measurements, Antecedents and Consequences of Work Engagement

HU Shaonan1,2; WANG Yong1   

  1. (1 Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China) (2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
  • Received:2014-01-23 Online:2014-12-15 Published:2014-12-15
  • Contact: WANG Yong, E-mail:


工作投入是个体在工作中的一种积极的、完满的融入状态, 它是连接个体特质、工作因素和工作绩效的完美纽带, 是组织创造竞争优势的重要途径。通过梳理工作投入概念的起源和发展, 并将其与工作卷入、心流、专念等相似概念进行了比较, 提出了工作投入的整合概念, 即个体面对工作时产生的一种同时包含积极的情绪体验、谨敏的认知和高度激发的体能状态在内的、持久的心理行为状态。介绍了UWES量表、SMVM量表等主要的工作投入量表以及相应关于工作投入因素结构的不同理论观点, 并根据近年来的实证研究对工作投入的前因和后效变量进行了梳理和表格化呈现, 由此进一步对未来的研究方向提出了三点思考。

关键词: 工作投入, 工作卷入, 因素结构, 工作投入量表, 前因变量, 结果变量


Work engagement is a positive, fulfilling state in which people can be highly focused and immersed within their tasks. High frequency of engagement at work contributes significantly to people’s well-being. The construct of work engagement has garnered attention both in business contexts and academic settings, and several approaches for understanding work engagement have been developed. The purpose of this paper is to synthesize the current status of theory and research on work engagement. The origin and development of its various conceptualizations are summarized and comparisons are made with similar constructs, such as job involvement, flow, and mindfulness. Selected measures of work engagement, including the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale and the Shirom-Melamed Vigor Measure, and different theoretical perspectives, including models with various factor structures, are presented. Antecedents and consequences of work engagement identified in recent studies are also discussed. An integrated approach to work engagement is presented, as are three directions for future research.

Key words: work engagement, involvement, factor structure, measurement of work engagement, antecedents, consequences