ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (11): 1733-1739.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.01733

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (辽宁师范大学心理学院, 大连 116029)
  • 收稿日期:2013-09-27 出版日期:2014-11-15 发布日期:2014-11-15
  • 通讯作者: 常若松, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


Effect of Visual Attention on Hazard Detection and Its Influencing Mechanism

SUN Long; CHANG Ruosong; GAO Yuan; MA Ling   

  1. (School of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China)
  • Received:2013-09-27 Online:2014-11-15 Published:2014-11-15
  • Contact: CHANG Ruosong, E-mail:


驾驶中, 有效的视觉注意模式是驾驶员搜索与识别潜在道路危险的先决条件。通过分析驾驶员视觉注意对危险识别的影响, 提出情境意识假设与心理负荷假设。情境意识假设认为, 情境意识的质量决定了驾驶员视觉注意模式的灵活性, 进而影响危险识别。心理负荷假设认为, 心理负荷水平提高, 驾驶员视觉注意趋于集中, 不利于危险识别。建议未来研究可以在比较不同驾驶员情境意识的认知兼容性, 应用汽车驾驶自动化技术降低心理负荷以及检测并区分情境意识与心理负荷的影响等方面加以深入。

关键词: 驾驶员, 视觉注意, 危险识别, 情境意识, 心理负荷


Effective visual attention is crucial for drivers to search and detect the potential hazard in driving. By analyzing the effect of visual attention on hazard detection, we proposed situation awareness hypothesis and mental workload hypothesis. The former hypothesis pointed out that the quality of situation awareness determined the flexibility of drivers’ visual scanning pattern, thereby affecting hazard detection. While the later hypothesis highlighted that when the drivers’ mental workload increased, their visual attention tended to concentrate, reducing the possibility of detecting a hazard. In the future, more attention should be paid to comparing the difference of cognitive compatibility of situation awareness among different road users, and applying vehicle automation technology to reduce drivers’ mental workload as well as how to distinguish the effect of situation awareness and mental workload at the same time.

Key words: driver, visual attention, hazard detection, situation awareness, mental workload