ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (5): 791-801.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00791

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (北京师范大学心理学院, 北京 100875)
  • 收稿日期:2013-05-30 出版日期:2014-05-15 发布日期:2014-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 王芳
  • 基金资助:


Primitive Emotional Contagion and the Challenge of Current Research

ZUO Shijiang;WANG Fang;SHI Xiafei;ZHANG Xiao   

  1. (School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
  • Received:2013-05-30 Online:2014-05-15 Published:2014-05-15
  • Contact: WANG Fang


个体之间实现情绪聚合的过程称为情绪感染。其中通过自动同步模仿他人表情、言语、姿势和行为并实现情绪聚合的无意识倾向称为简单情绪感染。近年来简单情绪感染的发生机制得到了大量行为实验和脑科学研究的支持。然而由于其“无意识”、“同步”、“自动”发生的特点, 以及研究者长久的争论与界定不清, 使得该领域研究面临不少困境。为了厘清这些困境, 在梳理有关研究的基础上, 总结了简单情绪感染的社会影响因素, 分析了简单情绪感染在概念界定、测量方式、依赖线索等方面的问题, 并尝试给出可行性建议。今后研究应当采用更先进的技术手段及范式展开, 并结合新近研究成果对简单情绪感染的机制理论进行更新。

关键词: 情绪感染, 情绪聚合, 模仿, 共情


Emotional contagion refers to the emotional convergence between individuals result from social interaction. Specifically, the unconscious tendency to automatically mimic and synchronize other people’s movements, expressions, postures and behaviors is called primitive emotion contagion. Lots of empirical evidences have been provided recently to uncover the mechanism of primitive emotion contagion. However, challenges in this field still remains due to definition ambiguity and its “unconscious” “synchronical” “automatical” occurrence. Based on the review of past studies, we conclude the interference factors of social situations and clarify the dilemma on aspects of concept definition, measuring method and depended cues. Moreover, we suggest that future researchers should apply more advanced techniques and paradigm to conduct the experiments. And theories about the underlying mechanism should be undated with recent findings.

Key words: emotional contagion, emotional convergence, mimicry, empathy