ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (7): 1272-1282.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.01272

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1南开大学社会心理学系, 天津 300071) (2天津医科大学心理学研究所, 天津 300070)
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-24 出版日期:2013-07-15 发布日期:2013-07-15
  • 通讯作者: 于斌
  • 基金资助:

    国家973计划项目(2010CB731404), 国家社会科学基金重点项目(12ASH006), 教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(12YJC190036), 天津市哲学社会科学规划项目(TJJX11-065)。

The Strength Model of Self-Control

YU Bin;YUE Guoan;LIU Huijun   

  1. (1Department of Social Psychology, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China) (2Institute of Psychology, Tianjin Medical University, Tian Jin 300070, China)
  • Received:2012-10-24 Online:2013-07-15 Published:2013-07-15
  • Contact: YU Bin

摘要: 自我控制是人们克服冲动、习惯或自动化的反应, 有意识地掌控自己行为方向的能力。自我控制的力量模型认为自我控制的执行会消耗有限的心理能量。力量模型的证据主要来自冲动行为、人际交互以及决策和判断等领域的研究, 影响自我控制力量的因素包括人格和个体差异、情绪和动机以及自我控制训练等。自我损耗与疲劳感的区别、动机和信念在自我损耗中的作用以及力量模型的应用价值等是未来研究值得关注的问题。

关键词: 自我控制, 力量模型, 自我损耗, 双任务范式

Abstract: Self-control is defined as the capacity to override natural and automatic tendencies; and to conscious control one’s behavior. The strength model of self-control suggests that the exertion of self-control depends on a limited resource. Research has supported the strength model in the domains of impulsive behaviors, interpersonal processes, decision making and judgments. Factors that appear to have impact on the self control strength include personality, emotion, motivation and self-control programs. It is necessary to identify the difference between fatigue and ego depletion and to access the contributions of motivation and beliefs in self control in the future research. Finding a reliable way to improve self-control in real world settings would be another helpful direction for further work.

Key words: self control, strength model, ego depletion, dual-task paradigm