ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (9): 1457-1466.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2012.01457

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. 浙江师范大学心理系, 金华 321004
  • 收稿日期:2011-11-10 出版日期:2012-09-15 发布日期:2012-09-15
  • 通讯作者: 任俊
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金教育学一般课题(BBA100016) “以积极力量为核心的中小学儿童心理健康行为模式研究”部分成果; 浙江师范大学创新团队资助。

Self-control and Self-control Resource

ZHAN Jun;REN Jun   

  1. Department of Psychology, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
  • Received:2011-11-10 Online:2012-09-15 Published:2012-09-15
  • Contact: REN Jun

摘要: 自我控制是人适应社会的重要功能, 近十年来, 心理学家主要围绕有限自制力理论展开其研究。事实上, 用于自我控制的资源十分有限, 在它严重被消耗时会引发个体的自我衰竭, 这将对个体的情绪、认知及行为等方面都造成不良的影响。个体的情绪调节、思想抑制和分心控制等行为都可能导致其处于自我衰竭的状态, 但通过睡眠、放松或积极情绪诱导等方式则可有效促进自我控制资源的恢复。未来的研究需进一步明确自我衰竭的心理与生理机制, 并深入挖掘自我衰竭与其它影响自控行为的因素之间的内在关联。

关键词: 自我控制资源, 自我衰竭, 有限自制力理论

Abstract: Self-control is an important function for individual survival and adaptation. Over the past 10 years, theoretical and empirical researches of self-control have been focused on the theory of limited self-control resource. In fact, the resource for self-control is limited. When self-control resource is over consumed, ego-depletion will be initiated, which can adversely affect the individual’s performance in the aspects of emotion, cognition, and behavior. Individual’s emotion regulation, thought inhibition and distraction control might lead to ego-depletion, but the recovery of self-control resources could be effectively promoted through sleep, relaxation, positive mood induction or other ways. Future studies should further define the psychological and physiological mechanism of ego-depletion, and explore the inherent relationship between ego-depletion and other factors that might also affect individual’s self-control behaviour.

Key words: self-control resource, ego-depletion, theory of limited self-control resource