ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (01): 37-43.

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异同比较中的维度转移效应

禤宇明,傅小兰   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2002-09-02 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2003-01-30 发布日期:2003-01-30
  • 通讯作者: 傅小兰

DIMENSIONAL TRANSFER EFFECT IN SAME-DIFFERENT JUDGMENTS

Xuan Yuming, Fu Xiaolan   

  1. Institute of Psychology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China 100101
  • Received:2002-09-02 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2003-01-30 Published:2003-01-30
  • Contact: Fu Xiaolan

摘要: 以有颜色的实心几何图形为刺激材料进行了4个实验,考察异同比较中异反应之间的序列效应,被试为北京农业工程大学本科生77名。实验1a和1b中前后刺激对完全平衡,而实验2a和2b中前后刺激对随机平衡。实验1a,2a和2b发现了维度转移效应,表现为对于异反应后的异反应,前后2次异反应的差异维度一致时的反应快于不一致时的反应。本文以认知神经科学已有的相关证据解释了该效应产生的原因,并指出该效应反映了选择性注意在异反应判断中起重要作用,而且当任务要求注意在刺激维度上的分配不断变化时,注意按照当前刺激的特点做实时的分配

关键词: 异同比较, 多维刺激, 维度转移, 选择性注意

Abstract: Four experiments were conducted with colored geometrical figures in a “same”-“different” comparison task on physical matching criterion. Participants were 77 undergraduates from Beijing Agricultural Engineering University. “Different” stimulus pairs mismatched in one dimension only, i.e., either in color or in shape. The relation between successive “different” responses was studied. The results of three experiments revealed that “different” responses were slower when mismatched dimension shifted from one dimension to another. The authors claimed that dimensional transfer effect was due to on-line selective allocation of attention according to task requirement and stimuli presented

Key words: “same”-“different” judgment, mutidimensional stimulus, selective attention, dimensional transfer

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