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   2011, Vol. 19 Issue (10) : 1518-1526     DOI:
研究前沿 |
Attention for the Mental Health among the Helpers: the Connotation, Structure and Mechanism of Compassion Fatigue
SUN Bing-Hai;LOU Bao-Na;LI Wei-Jian;LIU Xuan-Wen;FANG Xia-Hui
(1 Department of Psychology, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China)
(2 Zhejiang University of Media and Communications, Hangzhou 310018, China)
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Abstract  Compassion fatigue (CF) is a peculiar mental health problem for the helpers (e.g., Psychotherapist, fire fighter and paramedic) who helped the traumatic client. The two-factor model of CF includes the secondary trauma (ST) and job burnout (JB), and the three-factor model of CF includes the compassion satisfaction (CS) besides the ST and JB. The clinical symptoms of CF are similar with post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD), ST, vicarious trauma (VT) and burnout, while none of them could represent CF. Empathy for others and indirect exposure to traumatic events are preconditions of CF which brings about compassion pressure and reduces the capacity and interest in being empathic. And the second traumatic symptoms and the feeling of job burnout are the consequences of CF. Simultaneously, the helper’s demographics (e.g., marital status, education background, years working and personal traumatic history), the degree of exposure to traumatic events and personal psychological resources would affect the generating course of CF.
Keywords helper      mental health      compassion fatigue     
Corresponding Authors: LI Wei-Jian   
Issue Date: 15 October 2011
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SUN Bing-Hai
LOU Bao-Na
LI Wei-Jian
LIU Xuan-Wen
FANG Xia-Hui
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SUN Bing-Hai,LOU Bao-Na,LI Wei-Jian, et al. Attention for the Mental Health among the Helpers: the Connotation, Structure and Mechanism of Compassion Fatigue[J]. , 2011, 19(10): 1518-1526.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2011/V19/I10/1518
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