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Advances in Psychological Science    2020, Vol. 28 Issue (7) : 1172-1186     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.01172
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Attention bias toward threatening emotional faces in individuals with high-functioning autism
FAN Xiaozhuang,BI Xiaobin,XIE Yu,HE Huizhong()
Autism Research Center, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
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Abstract  

High-functioning autism (HFA) is a term commonly used to identify patients with autism spectrum disorder who have average or above average intellectual abilities but also face severe social dysfunctions. Attention bias towards threatening emotional faces is closely related to the development of social function in individuals with HFA. By reviewing the related research, the authors found that individuals with HFA do not have threatening emotional face attention bias during the automatic processing stage or emotional target participation stage; however, in the control processing stage, where tasks are unrelated to emotions, they demonstrate threatening emotional face attention bias. The theoretical explanations for this threatening emotional face attention bias in individuals with HFA mainly include the Amygdala theory of autism, Intense world theory, and Executive function theory. In terms of neurophysiological mechanisms, it may be related to their abnormal subcutaneous and cortical pathway functions and may be affected by serotonin system genes and oxytocin levels. Based on a comprehensive consideration of research methods and individual factors, future research can further explore the relevant processing characteristics and neuro-biological mechanisms and make efforts to develop scientific and effective intervention strategies.

Keywords high-functioning autism (HFA)      threatening      emotional faces      attention bias     
ZTFLH:  R395  
Corresponding Authors: Huizhong HE     E-mail: hzhe@spe.ecnu.edu.cn
Issue Date: 21 May 2020
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Xiaozhuang FAN
Xiaobin BI
Yu XIE
Huizhong HE
Cite this article:   
Xiaozhuang FAN,Xiaobin BI,Yu XIE, et al. Attention bias toward threatening emotional faces in individuals with high-functioning autism[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2020, 28(7): 1172-1186.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.01172     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2020/V28/I7/1172
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