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Advances in Psychological Science    2020, Vol. 28 Issue (3) : 443-455     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00443
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Early identification of autism spectrum disorder in prospective longitudinal studies of high-risk infants
BI Xiaobin1, 2, FAN Xiaozhuang1, 2, MI Wenli3, HE Huizhong1, 2
1 Department of Special Education, Faculty of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
2 Autism Research Center, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
3 Department of Integrated Medicine and Neurobiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
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Abstract  The early identification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) facilitates early diagnosis and appropriate intervention; that is crucial for ensuring positive developmental outcomes. Evidence from prospective longitudinal studies in high-risk infants (younger siblings of ASD children enrolled before 12 months old) has exhibited the influence of the early identification of ASD by demonstrating developmental trajectories and identifying early manifestations of core symptoms in high-risk ASD infants (who are diagnosed with ASD between 24 and 36 months old). It has been thereby suggested that more subjects, prolonged observation durations, and intensive time points should be adopted in future studies. Additionally, more attention should be paid to ASD-related disorders and early intervention for high-risk infants. In addition, the impact of genetic, environmental, cultural and social factors must also be considered. It is believed that prospective longitudinal studies in high-risk infants in China will assuredly make a distinct difference, both scientifically and clinically.
Keywords autism spectrum disorder      early identification      prospective longitudinal studies      high-risk infants      developmental trajectory     
ZTFLH:  R395  
Issue Date: 18 January 2020
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BI Xiaobin
FAN Xiaozhuang
MI Wenli
HE Huizhong
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BI Xiaobin,FAN Xiaozhuang,MI Wenli, et al. Early identification of autism spectrum disorder in prospective longitudinal studies of high-risk infants[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2020, 28(3): 443-455.
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