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Advances in Psychological Science    2020, Vol. 28 Issue (2) : 305-315     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00305
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Sense of body ownership and its plasticity: Based on the perspectives from the studies of interoception and exteroception
ZHANG Jing1,CHEN Wei2()
1 Institute of Psychological Health, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018, China
2 Department of Psychology, Shaoxing University, Shaoxing 312000, China
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Abstract  

Sense of body ownership (that one’s body belongs to oneself) in bodily self-representation has always been a core topic in the research of self-consciousness. A good deal of studies indicated that the experience of bodily ownership involves integrating different sensory signals from both outside and inside environments. However, most studies put emphasis on the roles of exteroception such as vison or touch thus neglected the importance of interoception as well as the integration of exteroception and interoception. The effects of exteroception and interoception that revealed by rubber hand illusion experiments and bodily self-disorders support the plasticity hypothesis of sense of body ownership, and the free energy principle proposes a hypothesis that the basis of sense of self is that the brain constantly evaluates and updates possible representations to maintain stability. Future studies need to seek breakthroughs in improving the measurement and presentations of interoception, exploring the higher-level cognitive factors that affect interoception, and paying attention to the interoceptive aspects of patients with specific disorders.

Keywords sense of body ownership      plasticity      multisensory integration      interoception      free energy principle     
ZTFLH:  B848  
Corresponding Authors: Wei CHEN     E-mail: anti-monist@163.com
Issue Date: 25 December 2019
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Jing ZHANG,Wei CHEN. Sense of body ownership and its plasticity: Based on the perspectives from the studies of interoception and exteroception[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2020, 28(2): 305-315.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00305     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2020/V28/I2/305
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