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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (10) : 1769-1779     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01769
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Differences in risk preferences under farming and nomadic cultures: Evidence and analysis frameworks
XU Zhiqi,XIN Ziqiang()
Department of Psychology at School of Sociology and Psychology, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
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Abstract  

Individual risk preferences are one of the main concerns in the psychology of decision-making, and its difference is influenced both by individual factors and culture. Existing research mainly focuses on the cultural classification of collectivism-individualism to study the differences in individual risk preferences, ignoring the influence of material culture. Ecological decision-making and social ecology researchers believe that the ecological environment affects individuals’ economic preferences by shaping material culture (such as subsistence patterns). The analysis of previous literature finds that the two major cultures dominated by different subsistence patterns—sedentary farming and nomadic herding have different effects on individual risk preferences. Individuals from farming cultures may be more risk-averse while individuals belonging to nomadic cultures may be more risk-seeking. Due to the limitations and shortcomings of existing research, this inference is worthy of further causal studies.

Keywords risk preferences      sedentary farming      nomadic herding      material culture      subsistence patterns     
ZTFLH:  B849: C91  
Corresponding Authors: Ziqiang XIN     E-mail: xinziqiang@sohu.com
Issue Date: 19 August 2019
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Zhiqi XU,Ziqiang XIN. Differences in risk preferences under farming and nomadic cultures: Evidence and analysis frameworks[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(10): 1769-1779.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01769     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2019/V27/I10/1769
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