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Advances in Psychological Science    2018, Vol. 26 Issue (8) : 1450-1464     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01450
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The influence factors and neural mechanisms of inhibitory control in autism spectrum disorders
Yan SUN1(),Lin FANG1,Tingyu WANG1,Li CUI2
1 Department of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
2 Dalian Little Dolphin Autism Care Center, Dalian 116000, China
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Abstract  

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder in childhood. The repetitive behavior of people with ASD is closely related to the development of inhibitory control. The studies which used of Go/No-go, Flanker and Stroop tasks found that the inhibitory control of people with ASD was mainly manifested as a deficit in response inhibition and interference inhibition. Task status, subjects age and sampling were the main factors that affected inhibitory control of people with ASD. Previous studies have shown that inhibitory control correlated with brain regions including: prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex and basal ganglia. The genes related to inhibitory control including: glutamate, gamma aminobutyric acid and 5- serotonin. The future study should start with the research of brain mechanism, taking into account the influence of task status and individual characteristics on the research results, and put forth effort to the development of more effective intervention model.

Keywords autism      inhibitory control      influential factors      network connection      brain mechanism     
ZTFLH:  B845  
  R395  
Corresponding Authors: Yan SUN     E-mail: sun9199@163.com
Online First Date: 02 July 2018    Issue Date: 02 July 2018
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Yan SUN
Lin FANG
Tingyu WANG
Li CUI
Cite this article:   
Yan SUN,Lin FANG,Tingyu WANG, et al. The influence factors and neural mechanisms of inhibitory control in autism spectrum disorders[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(8): 1450-1464.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01450     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2018/V26/I8/1450
资料来源 被试及数量 年龄范围(岁) 任务范式 测量工具 研究结果
Schmitz
et al., 2006
ASD:8
正常组:10
18~52 Go/No-go任务
Stroop任务
fMRI ASD组左下眶额叶皮层、右IFG与左脑岛激活显著增加, 右侧额下回灰质密度增加
Kana et al.,
2007
ASD:12
正常组:12
19.1~34.5
19.3~25.7
包含有工作记忆成分的Go/No-go任务 fMRI ASD组ACC激活降低, 前脑岛激活减少; ACC与右侧额-顶抑制脑网络的同步性更低
Chan
et al., 2011
ASD:20
正常组:20
7~14
7~14
Go/No-go任务 EEG ASD组在No-go条件下的ACC激活显著低于正常组
Langen
et al., 2012
ASD:21
正常组:22
19~44
19~44
Go/No-go任务 sMRI (structural MRI)
DTI (diffusion
tensor imaging)
ASD大脑总体白质体积显著小于正常被试, 连接壳核与前额皮层之间的白质连接强度减弱
Duerden
et al., 2013
ASD:19
正常组:20
19.6~39.4
20.8~43.4
面孔表情识别的
Go/No-go任务
fMRI 正常组激活VLPFC、DLPFC、楔前叶、ACC、前脑岛、梭状回、顶下小叶和颞中回, ASD组的VLPFC和右侧梭状回激活更大
Daly
et al., 2014
ASD:14
正常组:14
18~44
20~42
Go/No-go任务 fMRI ASD组的额下皮质区、基底神经节、丘脑、小脑存在激活异常
Solomon
et al., 2014
ASD1:13
ASD2:14
正常组1:13
正常组2:14
12~15
16~18
12~15
16~18
准备执行优势反应抑制任务(Preparing to Overcome Prepotency “POP” Task ) fMRI 16~18岁组的ASD在VLPFC和双侧ACC之间的功能连接增强, 16~18岁组的ASD的左顶叶激活减少
Padmanabhan et al., 2015 ASD1: 8
ASD2: 11
正常组1:14
正常组2:9
19~33
13~17
18~31
12~17
反眼跳任务与视觉
引导任务(visually
guided saccade, VGS)
fMRI ASD青少年壳核与楔前叶激活更大, 顶下小叶的激活水平下降
Velasquez
et al., 2017
ASD: 19
正常组:22
18~35
20~46
面孔表情识别
Go/No-go任务
fMRI ASD组角回与梭状回激活更大, ASD组ACC与楔前叶激活降低
  
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