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Advances in Psychological Science    2017, Vol. 25 Issue (8) : 1299-1309     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01299
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 Children’s distributive justice: The role of Theory of Mind
 CHEN Tong; WU Zhen
 (Department of Psychology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)
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Abstract   Theory of Mind (ToM) plays an important role in children’s development of distributive justice. The hypothesis of “multiple forces” posits that ToM can help children weigh the advantages and disadvantages of different motivations that underlie resource distribution, and find a balance between self-interest and the welfare of others. Children’s ability to understand other people’s desires, intentions and emotions are the three most important components of ToM that impact distributive justice in the Dictator Game, Ultimatum Game, and the Third-party Punishment Game. More empirical research is needed to support this hypothesis. Future research also should investigate whether and how different components of ToM influence different types of fair behavior. In addition, studies should explore the possible application of these research findings, such as for promoting children’s distributive justice by fostering their ToM ability.
Keywords distributive justice      Theory of Mind      Dictator Game      Ultimatum Game      Third-party Punishment Game     
ZTFLH:     
  B844  
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Corresponding Authors: WU Zhen, E-mail: zhen-wu@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn     E-mail: E-mail: zhen-wu@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
Issue Date: 25 June 2017
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CHEN Tong
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CHEN Tong,WU Zhen.  Children’s distributive justice: The role of Theory of Mind[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(8): 1299-1309.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01299     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2017/V25/I8/1299
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