Please wait a minute...
Advances in Psychological Science    2016, Vol. 24 Issue (10) : 1623-1635     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01623
Regular Articles |
The description-experience gap in behavioral decision making: Interpretations of information processing
LIU Jian-Min; LI Hai-Lei; ZHANG Wen-Xin
(School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China)
Download: PDF(393 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  

The description-experience gap (D-E gap)refers to the observation that choices are influenced by whether information about potential alternatives is learned from a summary description or from the experience of sequentially sampling individual outcomes. In terms of the role that cognitive factors played in the development of decision paradigms, this literature review summarized the discovery of D-E gap and latest studies in this field. Within the cognitive process framework, relevant factors of D-E gap were discussed in terms of information processing, and D-E gap was explained in an overall perspective. Finally, the issues worthy of further research were also outlined, such as improving research methods, the comprehensive comparison of both decision-making paradigms.

Keywords decision from description      decision from experience      information processing      underweight rare events      description-experience gap     
Corresponding Authors: LI Hai-Lei, E-mail: harrylee_315@126.com    
Issue Date: 15 October 2016
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
LIU Jian-Min
LI Hai-Lei
ZHANG Wen-Xin
Cite this article:   
LIU Jian-Min,LI Hai-Lei,ZHANG Wen-Xin. The description-experience gap in behavioral decision making: Interpretations of information processing[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(10): 1623-1635.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01623     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2016/V24/I10/1623
[1] LI Yang; BAI Xinwen. Creating for Others: An Experimental Study of the Effects of Intrinsic Motivation and Prosocial Motivation on Creativity[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(2): 175-181.
[2] MA Xueqian; WANG Hong; XIONG Guanxing; WANG Xiaotian; YAN Liang; LI Aimei. The Positive Effect of Leaders’ Negative Emotion on Subordinates’ Performance[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(11): 1991-2000.
[3] ZHANG XiaoLu;CHEN Xu. The Neural Mechanism of Adult Attachment Styles’ Differences in the Information Processing[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014, 22(3): 448-457.
[4] LV Jie;ZHANG Gang. The Emergence of Team Cognition: Based on the Perspective of Collective Information Processing[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(12): 2214-2223.
[5] YU Feng;PENG Kaiping;DONG Rui;CHAI Fangyuan;HAN Tingting. The Psychological Research Paradigms of Moral Personality[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(12): 2235-2244.
[6] LIU Teng-Fei;XU Fu-Ming;MA Hong-Yu;MA Xiang-Yang;WU Xiu-Liang. The New Orientation of Behavioral Decision Making:
Experience-based Decision Making
[J]. , 2012, 20(7): 1068-1079.
[7] Bi Cui-Hua;HUANG Xi-Ting. The Influence of Working Memory on Time Information Processing[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2012, 20(12): 1952-1961.
[8] WU Meng;BAI Xin-Wen. Motivated Information Processing Model: Theory and Applications[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2012, 20(11): 1889-1898.
[9] WANG Rui-Ming;MO Lei. Research on the Coordinating Integration in Text Reading[J]. , 2011, 19(4): 471-479.
[10] LI Ming-Fang;ZHANG Ye;ZHANG Qing-Lin. A Review of the N170 Component in Face Recognition[J]. , 2010, 18(12): 1942-1948.
[11] HUANG Min-Xue;FENG Xiao-Liang;XIE Ting-Ting. New Understanding of Consumer Attitude: Dualistic Attitudinal Ambivalence[J]. , 2010, 18(06): 987-996.
[12] XU Jie; ZHOU Ning. The Effects of Need For Cognition on the Dispositional Differences of Individuals’ Information Processing[J]. , 2010, 18(04): 685-690.
[13] ZHANG Ye; ZHANG Qing-Lin. Analysis on Cognitive Function of Recognition Potential[J]. , 2010, 18(01): 28-33.
[14]

GAO Hua;PENG Xin-Bo

. [J]. , 2009, 17(01): 132-137.
[15] LIU Xue-Feng;ZHANG Zhi-Xue. A Review of the Studies on Need for Cognitive Closure[J]. , 2009, 17(01): 51-55.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Advances in Psychological Science
Support by Beijing Magtech