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Advances in Psychological Science    2015, Vol. 23 Issue (1) : 30-40     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.00030
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Spatial-temporal Association of Response Codes Effect: Manifestation, Influencing Factors and Its Theories
Li Jinxing; Wang Zhenhong
(School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University; Shaanxi Province Key Laboratory of Behavior and Cognitive Neuroscience, Xi’an 710062, China)
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Abstract  

The spatial-temporal association of response codes (STEARC) effect indicates that the mental representation of time is associated with space, which is multidirectional and multichannel. Studies demonstrated that people spatialized time in three-dimensional space, including the sagittal (front/back), the transverse (left/right), and the vertical (up/down) axes. Individuals under different cultures prefer different spatial axis when representing time. Four factors can affect STEARC direction: Reading and writing habits, language experience, the spatial reference frame of experimental task, as well as emotion. Researchers explained STEARC effect through the Metaphorical Structuring View, the Embodied Cognition Theory, the Propositional Symbol Theory and the Perceptual Symbol Theory. Future research should improve the research paradigm, integrate the theoretical framework, and discuss the neural physiological mechanism of STEARC effect.

Keywords STEARC effect      spatial metaphor of time      embodied cognition      perceptual symbol theory     
Corresponding Authors: Wang Zhenhong, E-mail:wangzhenhong@snnu.edu.cn    
Issue Date: 15 January 2015
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Li Jinxing
Wang Zhenhong
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Li Jinxing,Wang Zhenhong. Spatial-temporal Association of Response Codes Effect: Manifestation, Influencing Factors and Its Theories[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(1): 30-40.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.00030     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2015/V23/I1/30
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