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Advances in Psychological Science    2013, Vol. 21 Issue (3) : 548-560     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.00548
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Critical Review of Psychological Studies on Hope
LIU Mengchao;HUANG Xiting
(Faculty of Psychological Science, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
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Abstract  After summarizing hope theory proposed by Snyder, hope was then compared and contrasted with optimism, personal growth initiative, self-confidence and future orientation. Methods for measuring hope were also described. Hope was consistently related to academic achievement, human resources management, psychological and physical health, and it might have some influence on substance abuse treatment. Some evidence as well as ideas came up in recent years, which were different from Snyder. Future research should lay emphasis on problems such as the concept, cultural differences, neurobiology of hope and its applications.
Keywords hope      academic achievement      health      human resources management      substance abuse treatment     
Corresponding Authors: HUANG Xiting   
Issue Date: 15 March 2013
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LIU Mengchao,HUANG Xiting. Critical Review of Psychological Studies on Hope[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(3): 548-560.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.00548     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2013/V21/I3/548
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