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Advances in Psychological Science    2013, Vol. 21 Issue (1) : 108-117     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.00108
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Wisdom: Structure, Category, Measurement and Relationships to Related Variables
CHEN Haobin;WANG Fengyan
(School of Educational Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, 210097, China)
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Abstract  Wisdom is a comprehensive psychological quality which integrates intelligence with morality; it is acquired by the individuals through experience and practice on the basis of their intelligence and knowledge, intelligence and morality are its core components. Wisdom can be divided into conventional wisdom and emergent wisdom, group wisdom and organizational wisdom, personal wisdom and general wisdom, moral wisdom and natural wisdom, etc. It can be measured by Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale, Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale, Wisdom Development Scale, and is interrelated with age, gender, culture, education, personality, thinking style and intelligence. The future research should focus on the following aspects: to make a thorough inquiry on the concept and structure of wisdom, to expand the research methods, measurement tools and educational strategies, and to develop the indigenization research.
Keywords wisdom      intelligence      morality      personality trait     
Corresponding Authors: WANG Fengyan   
Issue Date: 15 January 2013
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CHEN Haobin
WANG Fengyan
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CHEN Haobin,WANG Fengyan. Wisdom: Structure, Category, Measurement and Relationships to Related Variables[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(1): 108-117.
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