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心理科学进展  2019, Vol. 27 Issue (4): 636-645    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00636
  研究前沿 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
从动作模仿到社会认知:自我-他人控制的作用
王协顺,苏彦捷()
北京大学心理与认知科学学院, 行为与心理健康北京市重点实验室, 北京 100871
From motor imitation to social cognition: The role of self-other control
WANG Xieshun,SU Yanjie()
School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences and Beijing Key Laboratory of Behavior and Mental Health, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
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摘要 

在社会互动中, 人们具有自动模仿他人动作的倾向。尽管这种自动模仿有利于个体理解他人动作的感受, 但有时也会与自身的动作意图产生冲突。因此我们需要将自身动作意图与他人动作进行区分并调控二者之间的冲突。这种能力被称为自我-他人控制(self-other control, SOC)。与动作模仿控制相同, 心理理论、观点采择和共情等更高级的社会认知同样涉及对自我和他人信息的加工。很多证据表明, SOC可能是一种领域普遍的(domain-general)加工机制, 即在动作模仿控制和其他社会认知中, 大脑对自我和他人双方信息的区分和冲突调控共用同一套SOC系统。最近一些研究发现, 相比于抑制自身优势反应的抑制控制(inhibitory control), SOC是社会认知中一个更为关键的影响因素, 抑制控制对社会认知的作用受到SOC的调节。此外, SOC的领域普遍性提示我们, 未来可以通过简单的动作模仿控制训练, 来为社会认知受损个体(如孤独症和述情障碍者)进行康复训练。

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王协顺
苏彦捷
关键词 模仿控制自我-他人控制抑制控制社会认知    
Abstract

In social interaction, people have a tendency to copy observed actions. This automatic imitation is crucial for understanding others’ feelings behind actions, but can also result in potential conflicts between motor representations of self and other. Therefore, we need to distinguish our own motor plan from that of others and identify the conflicts. This capacity was termed self-other control (SOC). Similar to imitation control, higher levels of social cognition, such as theory of mind, perspective-taking, and empathy, also involve the processing of information about self and others. Much evidence suggested that SOC was a domain-general mechanism, as imitation control and other socio-cognitive processes in the brain shared the same SOC system to distinguish between information of self and other and regulate conflicts thereof. Some recent studies showed that, comparing with inhibitory control (IC) which was to suppress one’s own prepotent responses, SOC played a more pivotal role in social cognition, and the effect of IC on social cognition was moderated by SOC. In addition, the domain-generality of SOC indicates that in the future, individuals with certain socio-cognitive deficits (such as autism and alexithymia) would benefit from rehabilitation via motor-imitation control training.

Key wordsimitation control    self-other control    inhibitory control    social cognition
收稿日期: 2018-10-17      出版日期: 2019-02-22
ZTFLH:  B844  
  B849:C91  
基金资助:* 国家自然科学基金项目(31571134);国家自然科学基金项目(31872782)
通讯作者: 苏彦捷     E-mail: yjsu@pku.edu.cn
引用本文:   
王协顺,苏彦捷. (2019). 从动作模仿到社会认知:自我-他人控制的作用. 心理科学进展, 27(4), 636-645.
WANG Xieshun,SU Yanjie. (2019). From motor imitation to social cognition: The role of self-other control. Advances in Psychological Science, 27(4), 636-645.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00636      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2019/V27/I4/636
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