ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 650-660.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00650

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

勿以恶小而为之:滑坡效应的心理机制及预防策略

欧红蕾1, 孙炳海1,2, 张文海3, 李伟健4()   

  1. 1 浙江师范大学教师教育学院
    2 浙江师范大学田家炳德育研究中心, 金华 321004
    3 盐城工学院心理健康教育中心, 江苏 盐城 224003
    4 浙江师范大学心理研究所, 金华 321004
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-02 出版日期:2020-04-15 发布日期:2020-02-24
  • 通讯作者: 李伟健 E-mail:xlxh@zjnu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    浙江省哲学社会科学新兴(交叉)学科重大扶持项目(ZZ323206060219015005)

The psychological mechanism and prevention strategy of slippery slope

OU Honglei1, SUN Binghai1,2, ZHANG Wenhai3, LI Weijian4()   

  1. 1 College of Teacher Education, Zhejiang Normal University
    2 Tin Ka Ping Moral Education Research Center, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
    3 Mental Health Center, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng 224003, China
    4 Institute of Psychology, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
  • Received:2019-07-02 Online:2020-04-15 Published:2020-02-24
  • Contact: Weijian LI E-mail:xlxh@zjnu.cn

摘要:

滑坡效应是指个体的不道德程度有随时间推移而逐渐加剧的倾向, 即不道德行为具有反复性和渐进性。它广泛存在于个体自身层面以及人际互动过程中, 会影响个体正常社会交往, 甚至阻碍社会和谐健康发展。滑坡效应的研究方式包括实验者操纵法和自发性欺骗法, 心理机制包括道德推脱、内隐偏差、自我非人化等, 对应的干预措施包括提升预防定向动机和塑造积极的描述性社会规范。未来研究可从心理过程和生理机制的角度进一步探讨滑坡效应的适用范围、神经干预方式等。

关键词: 滑坡效应, 道德推脱, 内隐偏差, 自我非人化, 预防定向, 描述性社会规范

Abstract:

The slippery slope effect refers to the degree of the individuals’ immorality to increase gradually over time, namely, the immoral behavior is repetitive and progressive. It widely exists in the behaviors of the individuals and interpersonal interaction, which will affect the normal social interaction between individuals, and even hinder the harmonious development of society. The research methods of the slippery slope effect include experimenter manipulation and spontaneous deception. There are at least three psychological mechanisms: moral disengagement, implicit biases, and self-dehumanization. The ways to intervene in this effect are promoting preventive orientation motivation and shaping positive descriptive social norms. Future studies should further explore the scope of the slippery slope effect and its neural intervention from the perspective of psychological processes and physiological mechanisms.

Key words: slippery slope, moral disengagement, implicit biases, self-dehumanization, prevention focus, descriptive norms

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