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心理科学进展  2018, Vol. 26 Issue (6): 1031-1040    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01031
     研究前沿 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
孤独症谱系障碍者的视听时间整合
李涛涛1,胡金生1(),王琦1,李骋诗1,李松泽1,何建青1,李辰洋1,刘淑清2
1 辽宁师范大学心理学院, 大连 116029
2 大连医科大学基础医学院, 大连 116044
Audiovisual temporal integration in autism spectrum disorders
Taotao LI1,Jinsheng HU1(),Qi WANG1,Chengshi LI1,Songze LI1,Jianqing HE1,Chenyang LI1,Shuqing LIU2
1 Department of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
2 College of Basic Medical Sciences, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044, China
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摘要 

视听时间整合是指个体对一定时间间隔内输入的视听刺激进行表征的过程, 是视听整合的重要机制。孤独症谱系障碍者的视听时间整合存在缺陷, 主要表现为4个方面:视听时间整合窗口较正常个体更宽、更对称; 快速视听时间再校准能力不足; 听觉时间线索对其视觉搜索促进作用弱; 言语刺激的视听时序知觉敏感性低。目前使用的研究任务多样, 如声音诱发闪光错觉和“pip-pop”任务从内隐角度探究视听整合中的时间机制, 同时性判断、时序判断和优先注视任务主要用于跨通道时序知觉的研究。相关理论从神经加工异常、先验经验不足和视听通道的相互作用等角度解释了其缺陷。未来需要进一步提高研究生态效度, 整合理论解释, 精确量化诊断指标, 同时开发有实效的干预策略。

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作者相关文章
李涛涛
胡金生
王琦
李骋诗
李松泽
何建青
李辰洋
刘淑清
关键词 孤独症谱系障碍视听时间整合时间窗时间同步性    
Abstract

Audiovisual temporal integration is the fact that the relative timing of audio-visual stimulation should be bound into a unified percept. The audiovisual temporal integration of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) was confirmed to be impaired mainly in four aspects. First, the temporal binding window is wider and more symmetrical. Second, ASD got weaker ability of rapid audiovisual temporal recalibration. Third, the effect that visual target search can be improved by a synchronous sound decreased has been found to be missing in ASD in some studies. Last, ASD showed impaired audiovisual temporal acuity for speech stimuli. Various methods are used to probe for temporal aspects of audiovisual integration, such as sound-induced flash illusion task and "pip-pop" task. The simultaneity judgment task, temporal order judgment task and preferential-looking task are mainly used to measure intersensory synchrony. Relevant theories from abnormal neural processing, the internal priors and the interaction between multiple sensory modals explain those defects. In future, researchers should improve the ecological validity of study, further integrate different theoretical explanations and accurate quantitative diagnostic indicators, as well as exploit the effective intervention strategies.

Key wordsautism spectrum disorders    audiovisual temporal integration    temporal binding window    temporal synchrony
收稿日期: 2017-04-06      出版日期: 2018-04-28
ZTFLH:  B842  
  R395  
基金资助:* 辽宁省特聘教授基金;辽宁省人文社科重点研究基地项目;辽宁省儿童青少年健康人格评定与培养协同创新中心资助项目支持
通讯作者: 胡金生     E-mail: hu_jinsheng@126.com
引用本文:   
李涛涛, 胡金生, 王琦, 李骋诗, 李松泽, 何建青, 李辰洋, 刘淑清. 孤独症谱系障碍者的视听时间整合[J]. 心理科学进展, 2018, 26(6): 1031-1040.
Taotao LI, Jinsheng HU, Qi WANG, Chengshi LI, Songze LI, Jianqing HE, Chenyang LI, Shuqing LIU. Audiovisual temporal integration in autism spectrum disorders. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(6): 1031-1040.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01031      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2018/V26/I6/1031
  正常人和ASD者的时间窗结构 (资料来源:Stevenson et al., 2016)
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