ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (06): 545-556.

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  1. (1首都体育学院理论学科部,北京 100088)(2北京市实用高级技术学校,北京 100016)
  • 收稿日期:2008-04-08 修回日期:1900-01-01 发布日期:2009-06-30 出版日期:2009-06-30
  • 通讯作者: 殷小川

Job Burnout Scale for Competition Sport Coaches

YIN Xiao-Chuan;XUE Zu-Mei   

  1. (1 Capital Institute of Physical Education, Beijing 100088, China)
    (2Beijing Applied High Technology School, Beijing 100016, China)
  • Received:2008-04-08 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2009-06-30 Published:2009-06-30
  • Contact: YIN Xiao-Chuan

摘要: 从竞技运动项目教练员工作特点和工作倦怠主题入手,以文献研究和已有相关问卷、量表为基础,结合半结构问卷调查和访谈所获得资料,编制竞技运动项目教练员工作倦怠问卷。对514名竞技运动项目教练员进行了施测,并对测试数据进行探索性因素分析和验证性因素分析。探索性因素分析的结果表明,竞技运动项目教练员工作倦怠主要表现在情绪衰竭、去个性化、个人成就感低、知识枯竭感4个方面;验证性因素分析结果表明,所提取的4个因素与构想模型拟合较好,编制的竞技运动项目教练员工作倦怠量表的信度、效度均达到心理测量学上的要求,可以作为今后测量竞技运动项目教练员工作倦怠状况的工具。

关键词: 教练员, 工作倦怠, 工作倦怠量表, 探索性因素分析, 验证性因素分析

Abstract: Job burnout is defined as “a psychological syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment that can occur among individuals who work with other people in some capacity”. Since the competition sport coaches work in a very unique environment, their health and burnout are different from ordinary person, a different scale to measure their job burnout is needed. The present study reports the development of a job burnout scale for competition sport coaches in China.
In developing the job burnout scale for completion sports coaches, several previous burnout scales for other professions have been collected and carefully reviewed. In addition, 28 sports coaches were interviewed for obtaining their feelings and details of their working environments. Based on the above information and serious consideration of characteristics of the sports profession, the first edition of Job Burnout Scale for Competition Sports Coaches, which includes 50 items, was compiled.
The first edition of the scale was tested on 274 competition sports coaches and an exploratory factor analysis was performed. According to the item loadings on different factors, finally 31 items were selected and four factors were identified. These factors can be named as emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, reduced personal accomplishment, and knowledge exhaustion. The follow up test shows these factors have acceptable reliability, their corresponding Cronbach’s α coefficients are 0.81, 0.67, 0.59, and 0.67. The total reliability of the scale is 0.79.
For validating the new edition of the scale, another 240 competition sports coaches were tested. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to test the postulated four factors model. By using covariance structure model with maximum likelihood method, the results show a rather good fit between the data and the theoretical model: χ2/df equals 1.91, the goodness-of-fit (GFI) is 0.82, the absolute anastomosis index (AGFI) is 0.80, the value fitting index (NNFI) is 0.88, and the CFI fitting index is 0.88. All these results confirmed the present scale reaches the standard requirements of psychological measurement.

Key words: job burnout, sport coaches, job burnout scale, validation of scale