ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2023, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (11): 1806-1814.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2023.01806

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇


邱慧燕2,4, 吕勇1,2,3()   

  1. 1教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地天津师范大学心理与行为研究院
    3学生心理发展与学习天津市高校社会科学实验室, 天津 300387
    4盐城师范学院教育科学学院, 江苏 盐城 224002
  • 收稿日期:2023-02-27 发布日期:2023-08-30 出版日期:2023-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 吕勇, E-mail:

The effects of emotional salience on emotion-induced blindness

QIU Huiyan2,4, LYU Yong1,2,3()   

  1. 1Key Research Base of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education, Academy of Psychologyand Behavior, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    2Faculty of Psychology, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    3Tianjin Social Science Laboratory of Students' Mental Development and Learning, Tianjin 300387, China
    4School of Education Science, Yancheng Teachers University, Yancheng 224002, China
  • Received:2023-02-27 Online:2023-08-30 Published:2023-11-25


情绪诱发视盲是指一个与任务无关的情绪性刺激的呈现吸引了个体注意, 以至于对快速呈现的靶刺激“视而不见”。研究采用RSVP范式, 考察不相似背景条件和相似背景条件下情绪干扰物的物理显著性和情绪显著性对情绪诱发视盲的影响。在不相似背景条件下, 关键干扰物与填充刺激存在显著差异; 在相似背景条件下, 关键干扰物与填充刺激无显著差异。实验1比较两组背景条件下情绪诱发视盲的差异。结果显示不相似背景条件下情绪诱发视盲效应出现; 相似背景条件下情绪诱发视盲效应消失。实验2在关键干扰物图片上新增红色矩形边框后比较两组背景条件下情绪诱发视盲的差异。结果显示个体注意到干扰物的情绪显著性对情绪诱发视盲有显著影响, 在相似背景条件下, 一旦对负性干扰物进行提示就出现情绪诱发视盲效应。结果表明, 情绪诱发视盲的产生不仅与干扰刺激吸引的注意资源的多少有关, 还与个体初始投入的注意资源的多少有关。

关键词: 情绪诱发视盲, 物理显著性, 情绪显著性, 线索提示


In most visual scenes, the visual system cannot process all the information simultaneously; instead, it processes certain information first. Emotional stimuli are more likely to attract the attention of the visual system than non-emotional stimuli. However, it may be challenging to suppress the attention gained by emotional stimuli (though such a stimulus is irrelevant), and it may result in Emotion-induced Blindness (EiB), whereby the presence of an emotional stimulus fails to correlate with a task that attracts an individual’s attention. Therefore, individuals become “blinded” to a rapidly presented target stimulus.
The present study investigated the effects of physical and emotional salience of emotional distractors on EiB under different background conditions using the rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) paradigm. This study used a three-factor design in which background conditions (similar vs. dissimilar), disturbance types (negative vs. neutral vs. baseline), and Lag (Lag 2 vs. Lag 8) were all within-participant variables. The dependent variable was the accuracy of the target judgment. This study consisted of three main phases. First, we applied a 2.5 cm × 2.5 cm (500 ms) black “+” fixation point with 0.39× 0.39 degrees a visual angle (DVA) that appeared in the center of the screen followed by an RSVP stimulus stream consisting of 15 images (100 ms each). Key disturbance images appeared randomly at several positions, ranging from four to six, in the stimulus stream. The baseline disturbances were selected from the same set of background images. The target stimulus appeared at either position 2 (Lag 2) or position 8 (Lag 8) following the presentation of the disturbance stimulus. At the end of each sequence, participants were instructed to answer whether the target stimulus was rotated to the left or right by pressing the “F” or “J” keys.
The study utilized a repeated-measures ANOVA to analyze the impact of background conditions (similar vs. dissimilar), Lag (Lag 2 vs. Lag 8), and type of distractor (negative vs. neutral vs. baseline) on the correct rate of target identification by the study participants. Experiment 1 showed that EiB occurred under different background conditions but disappeared under similar background conditions. Experiment 2 compared the differences in EiB between the two groups under background conditions after adding a red rectangular border to the key distractor pictures. In Experiment 2, EiB occurred under dissimilar background conditions for both negative and neutral conditions, which is consistent with the findings of Experiment 1. However, the magnitude of the EiB was much greater in Experiment 2 (25%) than in Experiment 1 (17%). Additionally, under similar background conditions, the EiB produced by negative pictures was significantly larger than in Experiment 1 (10% vs. 3%). We also noted that individual notice of the emotional salience of the distractors had a significant effect on EiB, which was restored once cued to negative distractors under similar background conditions.
In summary, the EiB phenomenon is driven by the physical salience of emotional distractors, rather than emotional salience. Additionally, the current findings showed that EiB was related to the attentional resources associated with distractor stimuli; in other words, the more attentional resources attracted by distractor stimuli, the more likely the occurrence of EiB. The number of attentional resources attracted by distractor stimuli was related to the difference in stimulus attributes and the number of attentional resources initially invested.

Key words: emotion-induced blindness, physical salience, emotion salience, cue