ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 55-62.

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  1. 华东师范大学心理学系! 上海 200062
  • 出版日期:2001-02-25 发布日期:2001-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 张卫东


Zhang Weidong (Department of Psychology, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062)   

  • Online:2001-02-25 Published:2001-02-25

摘要: 该文旨在对应对量表(COPE) 的测评维度结构进行进一步的鉴别分析和验证研究。研究一对736名大学生的应对量表中文修订本(C-COPE)测评数据进行探索性二阶因素分析;研究二根据已有研究关于应对量表测评维度组构模式的不同结论,以及研究一的结果,提出十个假设模型,采用验证性因素分析测试这些模型与另一大学生样本(N=465)测评数据的拟合度。研究结果支持C-COPE八因子斜交模型。该量表如何进一步修订也在文中予以讨论。

关键词: 应对测评维度, 应对量表(COPE), 探索性与验证性因素分析, 拟合优指数

Abstract: Several preliminary studies focused on the adaptation of the coping inventory (C OPE) developed by C.S.Carver, et al to assess the coping behavior of Chinese col lege students. However, there existed the problem of inconsistency in factor str ucture among the instrument versions in source and target languages,and the revi sed Chinese version (C-COPE) was consequently reported. The current study was to further examine the dimensionality of COPE and C-COPE. In study 1, second-order exploratory factor analysis was conducted to explore the hierarchical dimension ality of C-COPE on the data collected in the sample of 736 college students, and derived a model which was subsequently tested. In study 2, ten priori models we re assumed on the basis of previous researches, among which two models of fourteen first-or der factors and four models of four second-order factors were derived from the C OPE inventory, two models of eight first-order factors and two models of three second-order factors were derived from the C-COPE inventory. With the LISREL VIII , the confirmatory factor analysis was completed to test the goodness-of-fit of these models to the assessment data from another sample of college students (N= 465). As the multiple indexes (i.e. chi-squire, GFI, AGFI, RMR, NFI, NNFI, CFI, IFI) and the significant difference of chi-squire between nested models indicate d, the result supported the oblique first-order-factor model of the C-COPE asses sing the eight coping dimensions (i.e. seeking social support, active control and planning, accumulation of mental resources, positive appraisal, focus on and venting of emotions, denial and mental disengagement, superstition coping, helplessness reaction). The hierarchical dimensionality of both COPE and C-COPE was not confirmed because of the instability of second-order factor structures across assessments in different samples. The conclusion drawn from the empirical evidence as well as theoretical analysis in this study was that there did exist construct inequivalence in cross-cultural assessment of coping by the COPE inventory and therefore adaptation approach instead of application of this instrument should be adopted, and that the multidimensional model of C-COPE was more suitable for assessing coping behaviors people adopted in Chinese society. The construct bias as well as item bias was analyzed in detail. The approach of improving the psychometric properties of C-COPE was also discussed.

Key words: dimensionality of coping, coping inventory (COPE), exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, goodness-of-fit index